Brown discharge before menstruation 204220 36


All women, without exception, have vaginal discharge. In certain cases, this is normal, and in some cases daubing is an alarm signal, indicating that a malfunction has occurred in the body.

Vaginal secretions have several varieties, but what among them is an alarming signal, and what is the norm?

When are dark secretions considered normal?

Dark spotting before menstruation is often observed in quite healthy women. Why? Because they are the first signs of an approaching menstruation, in this case brown discharges may appear several hours or even days before the onset of menstruation. It is the day the appearance of premenstrual discharge is the beginning of the menstrual cycle.

When dark discharge before the onset of menstruation is the norm:

  • Stress. If a woman is experiencing severe stress, then hormonal imbalances in the body are inevitable, this can contribute to bloody discharge up to menstruation. When a person is nervous, all his organs are in an excited state. Stress imprint on both external and all internal organs of the body.
  • Sharp change in body weight. If a woman has lost her weight sharply or if she has recovered dramatically, that is, there is a big difference between her previous weight and the current weight (a dramatic change in body weight can be seen from the photos taken before and after the changes), then hormonal disturbances will be inevitable. It is these violations and can lead to the fact that before the menstruation appear dark or even black discharge.

Endometriosis - Alarm

Endometriosis of the uterus is a serious disease. It is worth considering if dark brown discharge before menstruation is accompanied by:

  • painful sensations wearing a nagging character in the lower abdomen. The intensity of the pain that increases on the day of the onset of menstruation depends on the severity of the disease,
  • painful sensations in the pelvic region, aggravated before the arrival of menstruation, slightly weakening after them and having a vaguely pronounced character in the period between menstruation,
  • Endometriosis secretions may have a different shade, which clearly makes it clear that something is wrong with the body. In this case, premenstrual discharge may be brown-brown, brown or even black.

The presence of such signs, most likely, are symptoms of endometriosis, but only a specialist is able to make an accurate diagnosis.

Brown smear before menstruation may be due to endometriosis of the cervix.

Endometriosis of the cervix could occur:

  • after cauterization of erosion,
  • after injuries sustained
  • after an abortion.

Not so important is the cause of the disease, it is much more important not to start the disease, and with the help of a specialist to restore the health of the body.

Infectious diseases

Endometritis is an infectious inflammation of the uterus. Chronic endometritis may well cause dark brown discharge before menstruation. Endometritis could develop after childbirth or abortion.

The main signs of the presence of endometritis are:

  • unpleasant smell, observed at the time when uterine bleeding occurs,
  • constant painful sensations in the lower abdomen, which are aching in nature and are reflected in the sacrum and lower back and last more than one day,
  • excessive sweating
  • loss of strength, especially strongly expressed on the day of the beginning of menstruation,
  • apathetic mood,
  • with a gynecological examination, there is a slight increase and hardening of the uterus.

If you suspect endometritis, you must pass a vaginal smear for bacteriological culture and other tests. If no measures are taken to treat endometritis, it can lead to sepsis of the uterus tubes and even to infertility.

Infections and sexually transmitted diseases often cause dark brown discharge before menstruation. In some cases, the appearance of dark brown discharge, daub or black discharge is a sign of diseases such as:

  • genital warts,
  • chlamydia
  • gonorrhea, etc.

In addition, the cause of premenstrual brown secretions can be inflammatory disease of the pelvic organs.

Tumor neoplasms

Daubs before menstruation may well appear due to the presence of hyperplasia of endometrial polyps. May occur after a hormonal failure in the female body, after heavy physical exertion, or after experiencing serious stress.

  • - monthly not regularly, and there is a violation of regularity between the menstrual cycles,
  • - smearing discharge before menstruation,
  • - there is a daub in the middle of the menstrual cycle,
  • - pain in the pelvis, which are cramping in nature and lasting more than one day.

Uterine fibroids can cause the appearance of brown discharge before menstruation. Uterine fibroids is a benign tumor that does not cause discomfort to its owner and does not manifest itself between months, but indicates its existence in the body of dark premenstrual secretions.

Malignant neoplasm of the internal genital organs is one of the most terrible reasons for which black discharge occurs. Only a specialist after the examination is able to establish a diagnosis, the main thing is to contact him in time.

Other influencing factors

Hormonal contraception is the most commonplace cause of dark brown discharge before menstruation. Why the use of hormonal contraception can cause the brown discharge to menstruation?

When hormonal contraceptives are used, a change in the hormonal level of a woman occurs, and the resulting daub is a sign of the body's adaptation to a new hormonal background.

Discharge caused by hormone therapy should stop after 3 months. If after 3 months of normalization did not happen, then you should contact a gynecologist. In this case, the doctor will prescribe a new drug for contraception.

In addition to hormonal contraceptives, the reason for the appearance of bleeding up to menstruation, there are a number of phenomena that can cause dark discharge before menstruation.

The cause of brown discharge before menstruation may be:

  • Intrauterine device. Some modern IUDs contain hormones that can affect not only the menstrual cycle, but also the color of secretions.
  • Perimenopause or the initial stage of menopause. it starts a few years before menopause. If this is the period of perimenopause, then there are frequent fluctuations in the level of estrogen and progesterone, leading to an imbalance of hormones in the female body. Between the monthly periods the cyclicity is disturbed and the monthly periods do not go on that day, which corresponds to the menstrual cycle, but on any other day, with a noticeable deviation.
  • Ectopic pregnancy. Dark brown discharge, accompanied by severe pain and an unpleasant odor in women of childbearing age, sexually active may indicate an ectopic pregnancy.

What do we have to do?

In order to avoid negative consequences, you should visit the gynecologist at least once a year. Especially in the case when there were bleeding before menstruation (a three-day advance of menstruation is considered normal), or if the premenstrual discharge is black. Especially you need to be alert, if they are accompanied by strong unusual pain and an unpleasant smell - you should contact the antenatal clinic. A gynecologist, after carrying out the necessary examination, will help to identify the cause of the appearance of this kind of discharge, identify an ectopic pregnancy (if ectopic pregnancy is behind the discharge) and, if necessary, prescribe treatment.

Any of the above reasons can have negative consequences for a woman. In addition to discomfort, neglected forms of illness may well lead to infertility. while accompanied by:

  • unpleasant smell of vaginal discharge,
  • sensation of itching in the genital lips,
  • persistent or intermittent pain.

The health of each person is the work of his own hands, and no one will take care of your health unless you take care of him yourself.

1 Normal physiological processes

Why are there brown discharge before menstruation? They can sometimes appear in quite healthy women, and there is nothing to worry about. It is simply a signal that menstruation will begin soon. Such discharge can be observed as a day, and a few hours before the start of the menstruation. A competent and healthy woman herself knows when her menstruation begins, but this is another additional signal about the beginning, so that she is alert and does not forget to take the necessary measures. Why such secretions are considered normal before menstruation? The fact is that the menstrual cycle starts from the day when such discharge occurs, it is the very menstruation itself. Such secretions are considered completely normal and do not cause any fear.

This is considered normal in cases where a woman is under severe stress before menstruation. Of course, being in such a state is not at all normal, you need to get rid of it as soon as possible, but when stress happens, hormonal disorders are inevitable in the body, which can cause premature brown or bloody discharge. The fact is that when a person is very nervous, all his organ systems are in an excited state. To avoid such a harmful effect, you need to reconsider your lifestyle and personal attitude to certain situations, as this may leave an imprint on the state of the whole organism.

Such a phenomenon is considered normal even when a woman has very sharply changed the mass of her body. The jumps in body mass can provoke black or brown discharge before menstruation and a sharp violation of the entire hormonal background as a whole. To avoid this, you need to monitor your weight, if you lose weight, then correctly and gradually, without harm to health. But you should not get better, so in some situations you need to keep yourself in hand, there are fewer harmful products and do not seize stresses and excitement.

2 Situations of concern

For the treatment and prevention of problems with the menstrual cycle (amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, Opsomenorrhea, etc.) and vaginal dysbacteriosis, our readers successfully use the simple advice of the chief gynecologist Leyla Adamova. Having carefully studied this method, we decided to offer it to your attention.

If the discharge before menstruation is not accompanied by pain, discomfort, fever or just other unpleasant sensations, then you should not worry about this, the state of women's health is normal.

Endometriosis is an alarm signal. This is quite a serious disease in which the cervix is ​​damaged. What signs need attention to identify it in time?

During the whole time, and not only at the beginning of menstruation, a woman experiences pain in the lower abdomen. They can be different in intensity, it depends on the disease and its neglect. Many women simply do not pay attention to this, they have long been accustomed to this, but this pathology cannot be left without proper attention, since this disease is very serious, everything can end in disrepair if not to take action. Typically, during menstruation, such pain increases several times, but women do not want to notice it, thinking that it is dysmenorrhea or simply painful sensations during menstruation.

A woman may begin to experience pain not only in the lower abdomen, but also in the pelvic region, but they are not very pronounced, they will not disturb her too much and interfere with her life. Usually, such pains increase during menstruation, and after they end, they weaken again and go back to the previous state.

It is difficult to judge from the discharge alone, since in most cases it can be the norm, but if a woman knows that she has pain in the pelvis and lower abdomen, reddish-brown, brown or black discharge began to appear, then this is the reason seriously worry about your reproductive system and visit the doctor. Of course, the case may not only be in endometriosis, but the diagnosis should be made only by a qualified specialist.

Why does endometriosis of the cervix occur?

  • such a phenomenon may occur after cauterization of erosion,
  • endometriosis develops as a result of mechanical injuries in the perineum and internal genital organs,
  • such a phenomenon may occur due to an abortion.

But when it comes to diseases in general, then thinking about what caused it, how it could appear, is absolutely useless and does not represent any importance. You need to contact a medical institution and begin to treat the disease before it is too late. Almost all diseases in the modern world are perfectly treated, if the patient showed vigilance and turned to a doctor in time.

Allocation before the monthly - what does it say? Find out what the reasons are for white, brown or pink discharge before menstruation and what to do when they appear.

Author: Anna Nesterenko

We women have already become accustomed to the fact that we have to see menstrual blood every month. But not everyone is ready to meet with the discharge before the menstruation period. Many girls are frightened by these secretions, because women cannot determine the reason for their appearance. In order for your life to become one less fear, let's understand what can be said about highlight before menstruation.

Allocation before monthly

Blood, watery, slimy, fluid, frothy and viscous, white and yellow-green, serous and red-brown-gray, pink, and brown, with blood or pus - this is what the discharge before menstruation may look like. If the discharge before menstruation is similar to a serous or purulent substance, in which blood is visible, and such exits are seen after menstruation, then, most likely, the woman has problems with fallopian tubes. In the best case, such secretions speak of inflammatory processes, but they sometimes indicate cancer of the fallopian tubes. Pus coming out of the vagina also sometimes indicates acute endometritis.

When the discharge before menstruation and after menstruation scares with its unimaginable red-brown-gray tinge, it can be suspected that the woman has cancer of the uterus and the new growth that has already begun to spontaneously disintegrate. Mucous with admixture of pus discharge before menstruation occur in women with acute cervicitis. Often, secretions indicate tuberculosis, endocrine disruption, etc.

If you find blood in the secretions, it is possible that polyps have arisen on the cervical canal, namely the mucous membrane. The discharge, which consists of lymph and blood, is also a rather alarming sign, because such exits happen to girls who have developed cervical cancer. Nasty greenish and bulky discharge - a sign of the development of purulent infections.

Involuntarily I recall a popular song in which the following words were tried to convey to the listener: “girls are different - black, white, red”. So the same can be sung about the discharge before menstruation, which can be white, and red, and gray-brown-scratched. Perhaps you have the opinion that if there was a discharge before the menstrual period, then it certainly means something terrible. Not necessary. Of course, pus and “wild” color of discharge does not tell anything comforting, but brown, white and pink exits are not always a sign of terrible diseases. And in some cases they are not associated with any ailment at all. So let's talk specifically about the mentioned selections.

Brown discharge before menstruation

Many girls who come to their gynecologist complain of brown discharge before menstruation. And like the ladies understand that nothing bad happens, because they are not disturbed by discomfort, besides the exits do not have a nasty smell. But still they can not accept the presence of secretions of such an abnormal color. Well, if a girl, except for brown discharge, before menstruation is not bothered by vomiting, nausea, pain, then perhaps everything is relatively good with her. But the test should certainly be. No wonder they say that there are no healthy people - there are only under-examined patients.

In what cases do brown discharges appear before menstruation that are not associated with the development of painful conditions? Such discharge, as a rule, occurs in women with poor menstruation. They are the usual menstrual blood, which during menstruation, especially on the first day, is released so little that, until it reaches the exit from the vagina, it just has time to grow old. Iron in the blood, interacting with air, is oxidized, and the blood turns from a red liquid to brown.

But why can brown discharge before menstruation go for several days before menstruation and even after it? Well, here it is also worth noting that such discharge before menstruation can speak about the onset of menstruation, which cannot fully start - it needs a swing. Two-day brown discharge before menstruation is not the norm. Usually in women, menstrual blood begins to flow abundantly on the second day of menstruation. The long buildup process, which is indicated by brown discharges before the menstruation period of several days, most often means that the woman has a deficiency in the second phase of the cycle.

This deficiency occurs when women have low progesterone. In this case, the endometrium can not develop as it should, become fluffy, ripen. Liquid progesterone is able to grow thin endometrium. Naturally, if the endometrium is poor and underdeveloped, then there is simply nothing left to go out so violently, as is already the case on the second day of menstruation in women with normal levels of progesterone. A small amount of bleeding (menstrual blood) is first simply rammed, enveloped in mucus and come out in an altered form. It is their women who perceive it as a brown discharge before menstruation, although in fact these outputs already speak of the onset of menstruation.

If a few days before menstruation appear brown, spotting, be sure to consult a gynecologist. Especially do not remain silent about them if you intend to become pregnant, since low levels of progesterone can cause problems with the nesting of fertilized gametes. This happens because the underdeveloped endometrium is simply not able to perform its function, the essence of which is to create conditions for the implantation of a blastocyst (embryo) in the uterus.

Even if you are not going to get pregnant, still go to the doctor, seeing the brown discharge before menstruation. After all, they appear not only when a woman has a low level of progesterone. Many doctors say that such a discharge is often a symptom of endometriosis. The disease is characterized by pathological growth of the inner mucous membrane of the uterus. Due to endometriosis, menstruation may lengthen, intensify, etc.

It happens that women do not understand why they have endometriosis. This, for example, happens when rejected endometrial cells enter the abdominal cavity, where they begin to grow. Why it happens? Here is the fault of everything - sex during menstruation.

So, the menstrual blood together with the endometrial cells is pushed back, passing through the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity when introduced into the vagina of the penis. That is, reflux occurs. Such a pathological process is spoken of when refluxate (what is contained in hollow organs, in our case, female reproductive) begins to flow in the opposite direction from the natural direction.

You can not delay the treatment of endometriosis. After all, he not only carries physical pain, complicating sexual intercourse, the natural management of needs. Endometriosis is able to take away the joy of motherhood from a woman. To diagnose this disease, the doctor must perform laparoscopy. After confirming the diagnosis, you need to remove the lesion of endometriosis. Specialists can choose one of the following methods of surgical treatment: electrocoagulation, resection or laser vaporization.

It is wrong to keep silent in the gynecologist's office that you had brown discharge before menstruation, because endometriosis is not the worst thing that their appearance can indicate. For example, brown secretions occur in ectopic pregnancy (although they are usually bloody). It is possible to detect such a pregnancy only in the clinic, after conducting a special analysis or using ultrasound equipment. Additional symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are pain, nausea, dizziness, etc.

Uterine bleeding, which occurs when progesterone levels decrease during ectopic pregnancy, is somewhat reminiscent of menstruation. Since the discharge is usually scanty, it takes a long time to change and has time to change color to brown, they can be perceived by women as a sign of insufficiency of the second phase of the cycle. Therefore, do not be silent about brown secretions, considering that they can not relate to the signs of ectopic pregnancy. Do not wait for abundant uterine bleeding.

White discharge before menstruation

Seeing the white discharge before menstruation, you do not need to go into hysterics. Perhaps this is a natural selection, which should be in every healthy woman. In the first half of the cycle, they are less whitish and more transparent. Closer to ovulation, secretions may acquire a rich milky color, and resemble protein in consistency. In some girls, white discharge before menstruation becomes clumpy and even changes its smell, becoming sourish. Such secretions can also be attributed to physiological.

Sometimes the white discharge before the menstrual period indicates pathological processes of an inflammatory, infectious nature. Especially it is worth guarding if they are badly separated, are quite thick and smell of fish. Most likely, such white discharge before menstruation occurred due to the development of bacterial vaginosis. Itching and white cheesy discharge indicate thrush. And white discharge before menstruation, which foam, means that you are “lucky enough” to get trichomoniasis. They can also be yellowish and smell unpleasant.

At detection of the diseases mentioned above, it is necessary to be treated in the clinic. Do not douche various solutions that destroy the vaginal microflora and may even cause the appearance of inflammatory diseases. Also, do not need to put yourself a candle, use a variety of ointments. First, you can harm yourself. Secondly, a woman who introduced some kind of drug into the vagina will temporarily suppress the vital activity of microorganisms, and doctors will not be able to detect them. And after only a few days, they will again make themselves known, and again they will have to go to the doctor.

Bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis can cause antibiotics, poor-quality and unnatural underwear, diseases that lead to disruptions of the immune system, improper hygiene measures, etc. Treat them easily. But this should be done by an experienced doctor.

An infectious disease such as trichomoniasis requires more complex examination and treatment. Experts say that trichomonas - the causative agent of trichomoniasis, can absorb bacteria that are intracellular parasites. Therefore, it is important to determine the presence of chlamydia and diplococcus in the female genital organs, which after the treatment of trichomoniasis provoke the development of chlamydia and gonorrhea. Treatment of trichomoniasis should be comprehensive. It is selected individually.

Important: if a lady has found inflammatory, infectious diseases of the organs of the genitourinary system, then the examination and treatment should be carried out not only by the woman, but also by her partner.

Pink discharge before menstruation

Some women say that pink discharge before menstruation is normal. Others claim that they point to pathological processes that occur in the organs of the urogenital system. Such a dispute can be solved by a gynecologist, who will examine the patient and determine the nature of her discharge.

There is an opinion that pink discharge before menstruation appears in some women during the ovulation period. A girl with single-color exits is also suspected of taking antibiotics uncontrollably. They also prove that pink discharge before menstruation is the result of a slight injury to the vaginal mucosa during douching, sexual intercourse, masturbation, gynecological examination. Intrauterine devices, oral contraceptives, etc. are blamed for the appearance of discharge.

Dark discharge before menstruation

I think you will agree that the dark selection before the menstruation does not speak about something good. It does not even need to consider what kind of shade they have. Indeed, in any case, the appearance of dark discharge before menstruation is a reason to consult a doctor.

Deviation from the norm is not only staining of natural secretions in any color, but also their incomprehensible smell. Must guard and monotony of the outputs. After all, the discharge in different phases of the cycle, except for the quantity, intensity of exit from the vagina, changes consistency, transparency, and also tint (within white color).

Brown discharge before menstruation - a cause for concern or the norm?

Many women have a brown vaginal discharge a few days before the onset of menstruation. Gradually, these secretions increase and develop into full menstrual bleeding. This is a normal condition and does not require medical intervention.

Another thing, if the brown discharge from the genital tract begins 5-7 days before the onset of menstruation. Often this symptom indicates the presence of inflammatory diseases of the uterus, erosion, endometrial hyperplasia or cervical polyps. Brown discharge before menstruation can be observed due to hormonal disruptions in the body, caused by inadequate intake of oral contraceptives, for example.

In the presence of erosion or polyps on the cervix, the woman may also experience the appearance of brown discharge. Confirm the presence of a pathological process on the cervix can gynecologist, examining a woman in a chair in the mirrors. The appearance of brown secretions can be observed after a rough sexual intercourse or vaginal douching, due to internal intervention and injury to the mucous membrane.

Causes of brown discharge

Very often, the appearance of brown discharge before the onset of menstruation is due to the use of funds from unwanted pregnancy, which can be both oral contraceptives, and intrauterine devices and vaginal ring. The most common brown secretions appear when administering low-dose oral medications.

Normally, vaginal discharge when taking oral contraceptives can be repeated for 3 months from the start of use. However, if after 3 months the discharge continues, the woman should tell the gynecologist about it, perhaps this drug is not suitable for her and the doctor will choose another one.

In any case, brown discharge before menstruation can not be left without medical attention. For example, the appearance of such secretions as a result of the pathological proliferation of the mucous membrane of the uterus can lead to miscarriages, since the defective epithelium of the uterus does not allow the ovum to adhere and develop normally. As a rule, endometritis occurs as a result of pathogenic infectious agents entering the uterus during interventions in a woman’s body. This usually occurs when:

  • Artificial abortion (especially after 7 weeks of gestation),
  • Pathological labor
  • Manual removal of the placenta during labor
  • Diagnostic curettage of the uterus,
  • Uterine sounding.

At the initial stage of development, endometriosis can be almost asymptomatic, which increases the risk of the disease becoming chronic.

Most often, a woman visits a doctor when menstrual irregularities become noticeable, there are brown discharges before menstruation, lower abdominal pain.

One of the reasons for the appearance of brown discharge a few days before the onset of menstruation is hyperplasia of endometrial polyps. A characteristic manifestation of this pathology is the occurrence of brown vaginal discharge not only before the onset of menstruation, but also in the middle of the cycle. In addition to the main signs of endometrial polyps, women have cramping pain in the lower abdomen on the eve of menstruation. It is possible to confirm the presence of uterine polyps using ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, hysteroscopy and hysterography.

Brown discharge from the external genital tract before menstruation may indicate the presence of uterine fibroids. Fibroids is a benign tumor of the uterus, which most often develops in women of childbearing age. A characteristic symptom of this pathology is the appearance of bleeding in the middle of the cycle and brown discharge before menstruation.

Is it necessary to treat the appearance of brown secretions before menstruation?

Before prescribing a woman any treatment, the doctor must determine the cause of brown discharge before menstruation.

If the brown discharge that appeared 1-2 days before the onset of menstruation gradually develops into full menstrual bleeding, then this condition does not require any medical intervention.

If brown discharge before menstruation is a symptom of a pathological proliferation of the uterus mucous membrane, then a woman is usually prescribed hormonal drugs to normalize hormonal levels. Drug medication is selected only by a gynecologist separately and individually for each woman, depending on the extent of the pathological process, disease neglect, history of labor activity, age of the patient and many other factors.

If endometritis is detected - inflammation of the uterine mucous membrane, the woman must be prescribed antibiotics, to which the pathogen is sensitive. After completing the course of therapy, the patient is shown a number of physiotherapeutic procedures and rehabilitation treatment (probiotics, vitamins, immunomodulators).

If brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is the result of polyposis, then the woman is prescribed a course of hormonal drugs. Again, the drug is selected individually for each individual case, depending on the characteristics of the woman’s body and the extent of the pathological process.

The dynamics of treatment with hormonal drugs can be observed only after three months from the start of taking the pills. If treatment with hormonal drugs did not bring any result, then the patient is shown surgical intervention using the laparoscopy method.