The climacteric period brings many changes in the life of a woman. Unfortunately, most of them have a negative character. At this stage of life, a woman may be bothered by a whole bunch of ailments associated with hormonal changes in the body, and the gradual extinction of reproductive function. Often the fairer women complain of headaches during menopause. Sometimes their intensity and frequency is so high that a woman becomes unable to lead a normal life, as she is forced to spend all her energy and time to struggle with a debilitating ailment. What provokes bouts of pain in the head during menopause? In what direction to act to defeat unpleasant ailment? Let's figure it out.
Features of cephalgia during menopause
Menopause is characterized by headache, which is somewhat different from the usual pain, familiar to every woman. It has its own distinctive features, for example:
- Very often the illness comes unexpectedly, initially being localized in the temporal region and moving gradually into the frontal part. However, such an illness scenario is not necessary at all, and the head can ache in any part of it,
- The manifestation of cephalgia is accompanied by tension of the neck and facial muscles. Hypertonus greatly enhances the intensity of sensations and affects the change of facial expressions - that same sullen expression appears, characteristic of some older women,
- Menopausal pain in the head is often accompanied by a darkening in the eyes, a feeling of tension in the occipital region, a feeling of a lump in the throat, dry mouth and difficulty breathing,
- Sometimes a woman begins to pursue migraines - bouts of intense episodic or systematic pain, localized in one half of the head.
If in the reproductive age this ailment was already familiar to a woman, then during menopause the picture of its manifestation may be significantly aggravated.
The nature of cephalgia can vary. A woman may experience oppressive, aching, tearing, throbbing and "shooting" sensations. Sometimes their severity is so high that they lose interest in life, they simply do not have enough strength to think about something else.
Causes of cephalgia with menopause
Headaches with menopause can not be called an independent phenomenon. Their main reason - the completion of the reproductive function of the body, accompanied by a reduction in the production of female sex hormones - progesterone and estrogen. These changes adversely affect the functioning of the whole organism. Malfunctions of organs and systems are characterized by certain symptoms, in particular, and headaches. Therefore, considering the reasons for the development of this pathological phenomenon, you should focus on the changes that occur under the influence of menopause.
- One of the reasons for which a headache can be the effect of climacteric changes on the state of the cardiovascular system. Hormonal imbalance affects the tone of the vascular walls, provoking their spasm, which leads to the development of hypertension, increased intracranial, intraocular pressure, and these changes are accompanied by headaches,
- Another cause of pain in the head during menstrustasis are changes in the nervous system. Hormonal interruptions cause impaired nerve fibers, interfering with the passage of impulses. Menopause is characterized by increased emotional disinhibition, drastic mood swings, outbursts of anger, which often causes aggravation of the disease.
- The influence of menopause on the state of the musculoskeletal system is also an indirect provocateur of the disease. So a violation of the absorption of calcium and the cessation of production of its own collagen lead to degenerative changes in bones and joints, causing deterioration of posture, muscle fiber spasms and, as a result, cephalgia. Find out more information about why joints hurt with climax.
The appearance of a headache can also be triggered by a number of additional reasons:
- heredity - if there were similar problems among older female relatives during menopause, the probability of transferring the scenario to future generations is determined to exist,
- physiological features
- the presence of psychosomatic disorders, pathologies of the central nervous system,
- alcohol abuse, nicotine,
- improper lifestyle, which is chronic fatigue, unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity.
Drug treatment of menopause headache
To suffer pain is extremely unwise and even dangerous. What to do to cope with bouts of cephalgia?
The most important thing is to seek medical help in a timely manner. A specialist will be assigned a comprehensive examination of the body, which will provide a clear picture of the development of painful sensations. The patient may need to consult a cardiologist, a neurologist, an ophthalmologist (depending on the manifestations accompanying the ailment).
Headache treatment can combine several main areas. In particular, drugs are used, firstly, to eliminate the main cause of the development of the disease - an imbalance of hormones, and secondly, analgesics that relieve an attack. In parallel, the therapy should be carried out other climacteric manifestations that can provoke a headache.
Funds that regulate the amount of female sex hormones in the body, can be both artificial (HRT) and organic nature.
The first are drugs containing synthetic hormones. It can be tablets (Premarin, Femoston 1⁄5 conty, Proginova), skin patches (Klimara, Dermestril) and gels for external use (Estrogel, Divigel). The use of these drugs allows you to quickly fill the lack of estrogen and progesterone, due to which the overall condition of the woman is stabilized, and the illness gradually ceases to bother.
The second group includes drugs with natural hormones - phytoestrogens, which have a similar effect, but differ in a mild effect on the female body, fewer contraindications and the absence of dangerous side effects. These funds have gained wide popularity among women experiencing the influence of menopausal syndrome, and earned the trust based on positive results. Examples include drugs such as:
Pain medication nonsteroidal action is used to reduce the severity of pain, relieve muscle tension and spasms. The choice of analgesic depends on the causes of the pain and the symptoms that accompany it. An example of such drugs can be all well-known pharmaceutical means:
In migraines, analgesics are most often supplemented with triptan preparations:
Treatment of headaches using alternative medicine
Drug therapy can be supplemented with auxiliary methods of dealing with the disease, if approved by the attending physician. Alternative medicine offers several courses of action to relieve pain:
- Using the properties of medicinal plants with a sedative and analgesic effect. Broths and herbal teas based on sage, chamomile, bird mountaineer, walnut shells, peppermint, viburnum, hawthorn help to gently eliminate spasms in the vessels, strengthen their walls, and normalize blood circulation.
- Therapeutic gymnastics can provide significant assistance in combating a systematic headache. An excellent option is to practice yoga during menopause, the use of breathing techniques, as well as aqua aerobics. Moderate exercise increases the overall tone of the body, normalizes the work of the heart, blood vessels, eliminates stagnation, relieves muscle spasms, and, as a result, reduces the severity of cephalalgia.
- Acupuncture is an excellent way to combat the disease, unless, of course, performed by a qualified specialist. This method helps relieve tension and spasms in cervicothoracic osteochondrosis, which is often accompanied by headaches.
- The use of relaxation techniques, in particular, meditations, helping to overcome headaches, provoked by problems in the nervous system, emotional and physical fatigue and stress.
Headache is a serious symptom that can be caused by many factors. For the selection of the correct treatment tactics, it is necessary to establish the causes of it. In no case should self-medicate, because in the case of serious pathologies it is easy to aggravate your condition.
Phytoestrogens, for example Estrovel, Klimadinon, Klimadinon Uno, Feminal, Femikaps, Ciclim, Menopes, Klimalanin, Femivell, Remens, Menopause. These are drugs of plant origin. By properties, they are similar to natural sex hormones. It must be remembered that phytoestrogens have a cumulative effect, so the expected result may occur at least one or two months after the start of treatment. Improvement comes after three weeks. Fitohormones are selected strictly individually, taking only on doctor's prescription.
You can try to relieve a headache without medication: lie down, calm down and try to relax. On the head - a cold compress. Whiskey rub with star balm. Helps to relieve headache decoction of valerian root, strong leafy sweet tea with the addition of cinnamon.
Among other folk remedies can be noted.
- Sage. Tea is prepared from it, which eliminates headaches and relieves the condition during hot flashes. It is necessary to pour a tablespoon of leaves of this plant with boiling water (0.5 liters). Walk slowly for about 2 minutes. You can drink as usual tea, during the day.
- Carrot. It needs to be rubbed and dried, after washing thoroughly. Take a tablespoon of dried carrots and a small pinch of mint leaves, pour boiling water. Two minutes later. Drink like tea.
- Raspberries. First, you need to brew ordinary strong tea. The leaves of raspberry in the amount of two glasses should be steamed in this tea, and then dried well. Dry leaves brew and drink like regular tea.
- Pine needles + sea buckthorn leaves. They take young pine needles and sea buckthorn leaves (a tablespoon), pour them with water (cold) and boil for about 20 minutes. Water will need 0.5 liters. In the end, you should get about one and a half cups of broth. It should be filtered. Drink twice a day for half a glass. In the winter - within 2 months, in the spring - one. Antitumor effect.
- Motherwort + lemon balm + marigolds. These herbs are poured with boiling water (1 cup) and kept on low heat for about a minute. Separately (in the same way) you need to brew marigolds. Then both broths are poured into one bowl and kept on low heat for several minutes. Drink this drink twice a day for 0.5 cups 2 weeks.
All teas are drunk for a week, if there is an improvement in the condition, phytotherapists recommend a break.
Symptoms of manifestation
Such pains are accompanied by pressure surges, due to which they can increase.
Often the appetite disappears, there is a feeling of nausea, but it rarely reaches the gag reflex.
In order to determine the cause and prescribe, you need a complete examination of the body. Most often, headaches with menopause are accompanied by other characteristic symptoms, such as:
- Pressure. With the restructuring of the body may experience attacks of sudden dizziness associated with pressure surges.
- Tides The phenomenon peculiar to a climax, when the woman throws into heat, sweat acts and the state of health worsens, the loss of consciousness occasionally happens. The duration of the tide is individual and ranges from a few seconds to several minutes. The fact that it is finished, says the feeling of heat, abruptly replaced by cold.
- Increased excitability. A woman begins to get annoyed over trifles, insomnia and anxiety can torment her.
In addition to these, most often manifested signs, sometimes there are failures in the work of the urogenital system. Similar problems appear most often along with the accompanying negative factors in a woman’s life: stress, lack of sexual contact, diseases of other organs. All this can bring the onset of menopause.
Signs of headaches during menopause
The symptoms of such pain are similar to those for which it can be determined that they are associated precisely with changes in the body associated with menopause.
These pains are:
- last long enough
- by nature - aching, appear spontaneously, accompanied by nausea and vomiting,
- occur in women aged 40-45 years,
- practically not treated with conventional painkillers,
- occur simultaneously with other signs of menopause.
When making a diagnosis, doctors consider all these signs. Despite the fact that menopause is not a disease, you should not ignore the disorders in the body associated with it. It is fraught with such consequences as a stroke.
Therefore, even if the period of their onset coincides with the time of hormonal adjustment, it is necessary to undergo additional examinations to exclude life-threatening conditions.
How to understand what caused the pain?
The reasons for the appearance of headaches during menopause are many, but four main ones can be distinguished:
- nerve irritation
- pathology of the cervical spine,
- sudden pressure surges
- problems with cerebral vessels.
Moreover, pain, localized in different parts of the head, may be the result of completely different problems.
In the area of the temples there is pain caused by high intracranial pressure, vascular dystonia (VVD), inflammation of the trigeminal nerve and jaw nerves, inflammatory processes inside the brain, and atherosclerosis.
In the back of the skull unpleasant sensations cause problems with the cervical spine, neuralgia, problems with the vessels in the back of the head.
The place where the center of pain is located helps to determine its main cause and prescribe appropriate medications.
You should not get involved in self-diagnostics and take medication without prescribing a specialist - for an accurate diagnosis often requires MRI, ultrasound examination of the head and a whole range of tests.
Among the painkillers, one of the well-known drugs is Spazmalgon for headaches. Consider the effectiveness of this drug.
Instructions for the use of acetylsalicylic acid for the treatment of headaches, see here.
The most painful type of headache is beam headache. In this article http://neuro-logia.ru/zabolevaniya/golova/migren/puchkovaya-golovnaya-bol.html consider the mechanism of the development of the process and methods of treatment.
The first step is to eliminate the immediate cause of the pathological processes - hormonal disorders. To achieve this, doctors prescribe hormonal drugs. Some of them contain only estrogen, for example, Divigel, Proginova and Svestin.
It can also be drugs, which in addition to estrogen also includes androgens or progesterone.
These are such medicines as Femoston, Angelique, Ledibon, Amboix, Divina, Norkulut.
In addition, often used drugs that only regulate the activity of estrogen, for example, Ovestin.
If treatment with hormonal drugs does not give the desired result, the doctor may prescribe hormone-free therapy, which will include taking vitamins, antipsychotic drugs and remedies with phytoestrogens such as Remens, Tribestan, Fenimal, Klimaxan.
Antidepressants, homeopathic medicines, and medicines related to psychotropic stimulants may also be needed. All these medications can be prescribed only by a specialist, independent admission is prohibited, as it can cause deterioration and the emergence of new disorders in the body.
Dosages of drugs in each case are individual, and often it is impossible to immediately come to the best option. Sometimes you have to change a few means.
How to remove headaches without medication?
If for some reason it is not possible to be treated with medicines, and headache attacks interfere with a healthy life, then there are alternative methods to reduce it. For example, at the time of the attack, you can take a bath with warm water, in which an infusion of pine needles, mint or valerian is added.
In addition, phytotherapists recommend walnut shells and pine buds to normalize hormonal levels.
Such decoctions will not only reduce the symptoms of menopause, but also strengthen the entire body.
With pains in the head, you can drink a decoction of oat grains, it is a pain killer, lemon balm, chamomile, and lime are also considered effective. In the pharmacy, it is not difficult to find both individual herbs and fees for making an infusion.
In addition to medicines and herbal medicine, homeopathic remedies should also be considered. Despite the fact that some experts consider their effect to be insignificant, in many cases, their treatment was not inferior to the use of conventional medicines. Распространенными гомеопатическими средствами при климаксе являются Климактоплан, Ременс, Гинекохель.
The best prevention is timely treatment, when only began to appear problems in the body, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
At this time, a woman should try to maintain their hormonal balance in order.
It is necessary to adhere to proper, healthy food and include physical activity in your life as much as possible.
It is important to constantly monitor pressure and sleep, avoid frequent stressful situations and control your emotions, and carry out a head massage to improve blood circulation.
A healthy lifestyle will not only help alleviate the problems caused by menopause, but will also delay their onset for several years.
What is the best treatment for pain in the head during menopause?
The treatment takes into account both age and general condition of the body.
In any case, do not pay attention to pain in the head, even minor. It is better to immediately seek timely assistance.
Even if the menopause is very difficult, it should be remembered that over time this state goes away, and although it is impossible to reverse the process, in any case, all the painful manifestations of hormonal adjustment will sooner or later be left behind.
Almost every person at least once faced with a headache. Pills are not always on hand and not everyone wants to use them. How to cure a headache in home ways? Choose proven recipes.
Does Nise help with headaches and what precautions you need to be aware of before using this drug, read this information.
Causes of Menopause Headache
The main causes of headache during menopause is a change in the usual hormonal background. Reducing estrogen changes the work of all organs of the woman, not just the reproductive system. There is a violation of exchange processes. And this, in turn, leads to negative consequences :
- the level of collagen in the tissues decreases, the consumption of calcium leads to changes in the spine. Posture changes, staying upright requires some effort. Headaches can be caused by muscle tension and fatigue,
- tides are provoked by vessels, which are then compressed, then unclenched. Due to such jumps in blood pressure, there can also be a headache,
- sharp drops of emotional background. Nervousness at the time of menopause appears for no reason, which can cause headaches.
Signs of headaches during menopause
The climacteric period is manifested by the distinctive mental state of every woman. Similar phenomena occur spontaneously. Mimic muscles of the face become more tense, from which the face becomes as if aggressive.
The tension in the muscles runs from the face to the neck and shoulders. This condition accompanies
depression, anxiety. Drugs that are familiar in everyday life, in this case, are ineffective. Taking antispasmodic drugs, it is impossible to relieve such attacks. And sometimes you can even provoke a manifestation of headaches.
The pain manifests suddenly and is localized in the temples and the forehead area. There may be short-term bouts of tarnishing in the eyes. Manifested sharp changes in mood, psychological state.
The climacteric period of each woman is special, it can take several years. But headaches with menopause occur in almost everyone. This symptom occurs due to a reduction in the level of estrogen in the body. Thus, the headache becomes obsessive, there is a feeling of hopelessness, which, undoubtedly, oppresses the mental state of the woman.
Headaches with menopause are pressing and painful. At the same time, the head seems heavier than usual, and the back of the head becomes noticeably more sensitive. Such pain can lead to nausea and even vomiting.
Drug treatment of headaches
To the body less susceptible to the influence of menopause syndrome, it is supported by special vitamin-mineral combinations of drugs. Thanks to them, headaches are reduced, as well as many other manifestations of menopause.
Usually, doctors prescribe such hormonal drugs as Tibolon, Divina, Divigel, Klimene, Premarin, Femoston and others. These pills replace the missing hormone in the body.
There is also a class of medicines that contains phytoestrogens. Receiving them also eases many symptoms of menopause. Such drugs should include "Klimadon", "Epifamin", "Menopause", "Klimaxan", "Red Brush" and others. Their use can be both for prevention and for the treatment of menopause in the process.
Traditional methods of treating headaches
Treatment of headaches with menopause can be carried out using popular recipes. And this is, first of all, herbs.
Sage tea.At 0.5 liters of boiling water is added 1 tablespoon of sage herb. Then put the broth on the stove and bring to a boil for 2 minutes. Drink all day like plain tea.
Raspberry leaves To start, raspberry leaves should be steamed in ordinary tea, then pulled out and allowed to dry. Then brew the leaves just like regular tea and take.
Carrot broth. Medium-sized carrots wash and peel well. Grate and allow to dry. For brewing 1 cup take 1 tablespoon of grated carrots and a pinch of mint. Drink like regular tea anytime.
How to alleviate the symptoms of menopause. Expert advice
Every woman must understand that the onset of menopause cannot be avoided, so it is better to prepare for it in advance, having learned how to alleviate your condition. First of all, female doctors suggest revising your diet. It will not be superfluous if you limit yourself to fatty, spicy, overly salty foods. Consume less caffeine-containing beverages, as well as refusal.
from alcohol. Often consume foods rich in calcium and magnesium (fish, milk, greens). It will be useful to exercise, they will help not only in the fight against depression, but also keep their former physical form. During menopause, the risk of viral diseases increases, so regular visits to doctors are recommended.
It is important to get enough sleep - it is a pledge of positive mood. If it is impossible to cope with the depressed depression on your own, then you need to go to a doctor, who will help you choose a sedative medicine.
Thanks to the correct routine of life, you can get rid of many health problems. But if during the period of menopause a woman skillfully regulates her work and rest, she can maintain her health for many years.
As a prevention for most diseases - Fresh air. At any age it is advised to take walks on the street. This is especially true of those women who, due to work, are forced to spend a lot of time in a sitting position and at the computers. Walking is best done in the evening. Thus, it is possible to normalize sleep. If it is not possible to allocate time for such walks, then it is recommended that some section of the road from work to home be walked on.
During such walks it is useful to make some exercises. But you can be limited to just walking. Such loads during menopause are simply necessary. They improve blood circulation, the respiratory organs and the digestive tract. But with such exercises you should avoid bending, so that there is no blood flow to the head.
Can help fight tides wiping with cool water. Such procedures help to refresh slightly and improve the blood circulation of the face. And before going to bed for 1-2 hours you can take a cool or a contrast shower, which will improve sleep.
It’s worth reconsidering diet. If there are problems with overweight, then you need to abandon dishes containing flour, an abundance of salt, sugar and fat. Food should be light, but quickly saturated. It is necessary to reduce the intake of salty and spicy. Eat more vegetables, fruits, dairy products, cereals and lean meats. Tides can be provoked by taking alcohol and caffeine, as well as when smoking.
In the period of menopause should follow the intestines and its emptying. If constipation occurs, you should do special exercises. And in the morning on an empty stomach to drink for ½ cup of mineral water.
It will be very useful swimming and bathing. But it should not be a long time in the sun.
A woman you can not exhaust yourself. During menopause, a significant breakdown occurs, therefore it is forbidden to overload yourself with work. But passively, too, is not recommended. If the work causes severe fatigue, then you need to give the body a rest.
The nature and causes of cephalgia
The severity of headache with menopause is different in different women. The emergence and manifestation of pain depends on many reasons:
- genetic inheritance
- the anatomical constitution of the body,
- general condition of the body,
- the presence of chronic somatic pathologies or problems of the neuropsychiatric spectrum,
- lifestyle and the presence of addictions,
- quality and diet.
Headaches for menopause can be permanently debilitating in nature or overcome with periodic severe pain. Cephalgia can manifest itself by various sensations:
- monotonous whining, crushing, constricting
- paroxysmal pulsating,
- piercing, shooting, cutting,
- boring, burning, arching.
HB in menopause often occurs on the background of arterial hypertension - high blood pressure, which requires immediate treatment to the hospital and examination of a neurologist, cardiologist, endocrinologist.
Persons with a history of bouts of classical and simple migraine, note an increase in the frequency of hemicrania in menopause.
The climacteric phase is characterized by a significant change in the psycho-emotional background, therefore, women in this period often have psychalgias - psychogenic headaches, manifested in depression, neurasthenia, and anxiety disorders.
Often, by the climacteric age, the structure of the bloodstream undergoes significant changes.: the permeability of vascular walls increases, pathological changes occur - aneurysms, atherosclerotic plaques form in the arteries and veins. Such lesions are a common cause of GB in menopause.
Informative signals about the need for an emergency visit to the doctor are symptoms that often develop during menopause:
- menopause headaches that occur during minor physical exertion, sexual relations, sneezing and coughing,
- combination of cephalgia with disorders of consciousness, deterioration of concentration, memory impairment, problems with coordination of movements, loss of sensitivity in peripheral areas, changes in tendon reflexes, the occurrence of noise and tinnitus, decrease in visual acuity, loss of taste or smell.
Related clinical manifestations
During menopause, a variety of unpleasant symptoms act as frequent companions of headache. Often bouts of cephalgia are accompanied by "tides" of heat.
Such phenomena are experienced by more than 75% of women. Their frequency and intensity varies from single episodes to multiple repetitions in a short period of time, from mild discomfort to debilitating sensations.
Often, attacks of cephalgia are caused by hypertension, which is characterized by a persistent increase in blood pressure. In the period of menopause, the woman's vegetative system reacts violently to stressful events, rewarding symptomatic hypertension — a sharp rise in blood pressure.
When menopause due to a failure in the hormonal status often there are sudden changes in the emotional state of a woman: irrational change of mood, the prevalence of feelings characteristic of depression, irrational anxiety.
A person can be distinguished by nervousness and fussiness of actions, irritability, distraction of attention, and forgetfulness. Among the common autonomic symptoms:
- heart rate changes, heart palpitations,
- excessive sweating
- instability of the vestibular apparatus when walking,
- feeling short of breath, shortness of breath, shortness of breath.
With headache attacks, a woman may experience muscle weakness, a feeling of weakness, fatigue, and reduced performance.
Quite often, in the phase of withering reproductive function, women have persistent sleep disturbances: difficulty in falling asleep, early morning rise, frequent waking at night, feeling dissatisfied with night rest.
Methods to overcome headaches
The program to get rid of cephalgia during menopause consists of a variety of activities that should be carried out comprehensively, consistently and persistently. The treatment regimen is chosen on an individual basis after careful study of the prevailing clinical symptoms, assessment of general health, taking into account possible risks. To overcome the headache resort:
- to pharmacological therapy with synthetic medicines and natural phytoestrogens,
- to use the arsenal of "green" pharmacy and traditional methods of treatment,
- to compliance with the special diet and adjustment of the drinking regime,
- to perform physical exercises
- measures for the normalization of work and rest and the elimination of stress factors.
Folk ways to eliminate pain in the head
Healers recommend that women with a severe menopausal period regularly take vegetable decoctions and fees. Forget about headaches and reduce other symptoms of menopause will help healing fees from plant parts:
You should daily take freshly brewed tea from the fruit of viburnum, lingonberry, rosehip.
It is possible to overcome the tension headache with the help of warm baths with the addition of relaxing agents: coniferous extract, decoctions of valerian, hop cones, and mint. Good sedative effect shows application for baths of essential oils: lavender, bergamot, sandalwood, mandarin, lemon balm.
Diet and diet
The choice of a special diet is based on the etiological cause of cephalgia and varies depending on the nature of the pain syndrome.
However, in most cases, Doctors recommend excluding or limiting to a minimum the presence on the table of dishes and products made by the method of smoking, drying, pickles. It is not recommended to use industrial products made with the use of stabilizers, preservatives, flavor enhancers.
In the daily diet should be present fresh vegetables, fruits, berries and natural freshly pressed terms. The basis of the daily diet consists of dishes made from the dietary parts of chicken, turkey, or from varieties of sea and ocean fish.
It is advisable to use products prepared by cooking, stewing, baking or steaming. As a side dish, you can use porridge from cereals cereals.
It is very important to eat food in small portions at least five times a day at regular intervals.
A special role is played by compliance with the drinking regime. The amount of daily fluid should not be less than 2 liters of purified non-carbonated water.
Basic principles for the prevention of headache attacks:
- Perform breathing exercises
- apply relaxation techniques, for example: meditation,
- to massage the scalp,
- Every day to actively move in fresh air
- to ensure sufficient duration of night rest,
- prevent mental and physical overstrain,
- take action to eliminate stressful situations.
About headaches with menopause
Migraine pain can last for days.
Women may experience headaches in various forms. The most unpleasant of them - migraine pain. These are repetitive, throbbing pains, which mainly disturb one part of the head, but can also appear on both sides. They can last from one or two hours to three days or more.
Many women entering perimenopause — a stage that precedes menopause and lasts from two to ten years — may find that they have come up with headaches more often than before. There are several types of headaches that women may experience due to fluctuations in hormonal levels during menopause.
Symptoms of headaches with menopause
Each woman may have their own symptoms of headaches, but in general, their list includes:
- pressing, throbbing pain in the head,
- increased pain during daily physical activity,
- sensitivity to light, sounds and smells,
- sweating hands and feet
- nausea and vomiting
- pain that occurs in a certain area on one side of the head.
Types of headaches for menopause
Some women may be familiar with menstrual migraine. This type of headache is associated with hormones and begins on the first or second day of menstruation, continuing to its very end. In addition to menstrual migraines, their general list includes the following types:
Tension headaches - the most common type of pain, which at one time or another, 64% of men and 88% of women suffer.Tension headaches dissipate throughout the head and cause moderate to moderate pain. They can also cause pain in the back of the neck and at the base of the cheekbones.
The third type of headache among the most common in women with menopause sinus headaches.
The sinuses are air-filled cavities (or sinuses) located in the forehead, cheekbones and behind the nose bridge. The sinuses produce mucus that comes out of the nose. When the sinuses become inflamed, which is usually the result of an allergic reaction or infection, the inflammation makes it difficult for the mucus to flow and causes a headache.
Sinus headaches are caused by inflammation and blockage of the sinuses. They are also called congestive, that is, pain from congestion or overflow.
Causes of headaches with menopause
Any woman who discovers unexpected headaches during her period will probably understand that they are associated with hormones that increase and decrease during the menstruation period. Similarly, hormonal changes can be a source of painful migraine pain during menopause.
As the menopause period progresses, the level of estrogen and progesterone in the woman’s body either rises or decreases before reaching a constant, lower level after the onset of menopause and the cessation of the menstrual cycles. It has been scientifically proven that an estrogen imbalance affects the brain in various ways, including becoming a source of headaches.
Types of hormone-dependent headaches
The main cause of headaches during menopause is hormones.
There are two main factors that trigger hormone-related headaches: lowered estrogen levels and elevated estrogen levels. Drastic fluctuations in estrogen levels before menopause can cause both of these factors. Many doctors believe that long periods of significant increase in estrogen in the body are followed by an unexpected decrease in the level of hormones, and this fact can cause even more acute headaches than those observed by women during menstruation.
Although the causes of hormones associated with headaches are still being studied, most researchers agree that they are associated with the effects of estrogen and progesterone on the brain and its vascular system. Estrogen causes dilation of blood vessels, progesterone - narrowing. Since the content of hormones in the body fluctuates, the blood vessels are constantly forced to contract and expand, resulting in intense pain in the head.
Other causes of headaches
Despite the fact that hormonal imbalance is the main cause of headaches during menopause, there are other factors that can cause or exacerbate this symptom. Their list includes:
- bright light, loud sound, strong smell,
- stress, anxiety, relaxation after stress,
- weather changes
- alcohol, caffeine in large quantities,
- a sharp rejection of alcohol and caffeine,
- lack of sleep or sleep
- fasting and skipping meals.
Food leads to headaches, which contains:
- nitrates (hot dogs and lunches),
- monosodium glutamate (fast food, Chinese cuisine, parmesan),
- Tyramine (fermented cheese, soy products, legumes, hard sausages, smoked fish, red wine).
When should I see a doctor?
Consult with a doctor is necessary when observing the following symptoms:
- headaches of the severity that you have never experienced before,
- rapidly progressing headaches,
- stronger pain than usual
- headaches and neck wicking along with high fever,
- cloudiness, dizziness or weakness with headaches.
Treatment of headaches with menopause
Fortunately, there are several treatment options for headaches. Despite the fact that many women seek to immediately acquire drugs like aspirin to alleviate headaches, thus it is impossible to cure the hormonal imbalance or the factors that lead to it.
Usually getting rid of headaches with menopause begins with milder methods of treatment and prevention. The first is lifestyle change, which involves avoiding food and environmental risk factors, as well as reducing stress with techniques such as yoga, meditation, or exercise. If you suffer from headaches, try using massages, as well as hungry and hot compresses.
It is interesting! A cup of coffee or tea per day reduces the frequency of headache attacks in women during menopause, but consuming more of these drinks is a triggering factor.
Despite the fact that a healthy lifestyle is a great start to deal with headaches, it is more efficient to manage them if you combine good living habits with specific areas of therapy.
Given the fact that headaches with menopause are usually caused by hormonal imbalances, it is best to try to influence this factor. There are a variety of natural and alternative treatments that can restore the balance of hormones.
In the case of long-lasting and destructive headaches, it is sometimes necessary to seek the help of a specialist who can offer effective pharmacological products, although they are associated with an increased risk of side effects and are usually not recommended for long-term treatment of headaches.
The most common treatment for headaches for menopause is a combination of a healthy lifestyle and alternative medicine.
Why does the headache with menopause
The main provocateur of cephalgia with menopause is a slowdown in the synthesis of female sex hormones. Their volume in the blood drops sharply, which affects the work of all systems of the body.
There is a frequent change in the width of the lumen of the brain, there is an oxygen starvation of the tissues inside the skull. This is accompanied by muscle spasms, tension or irritation of the nerve roots. An additional factor is excessive emotional excitability, causing nervous exhaustion.
External causes of headache during menopause:
- features of the anatomy - lack or excess body weight,
- weak immunity as a result of passivity, drug abuse, bad habits, refusal to exercise,
- history of chronic diseases, psychoemotional disorders,
- non-observance of the basic rules for drawing up the schedule and daily routine,
- poor quality of food, replacement of natural products with semi-finished products,
- meteorological dependence
- stay in a state of chronic stress or physical exhaustion.
You will learn more about meteo-dependence and the symptoms of cephalgia related to the syndrome here.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, the timely start of preparing the body for menopause, the rejection of self-administration of hormonal contraceptives can reduce potential risks. Women who do not have bad habits, eat properly, lead an active lifestyle and drink vitamins, headaches during menopause are much less common than others.
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Choosing the ways to eliminate pain, it is important to remember about the need to make basic changes in the patient's usual life. Means of traditional medicine and pharmaceutical preparations will give a lasting effect only against the background of proper nutrition, proper rest, exclusion of stressful situations, introduction of physical activity. Climax is a protracted period of changes in the female body, so you should prepare for a comprehensive and long-lasting struggle with its symptoms.
Strokes are the cause of almost 70% of all deaths in the world. Seven out of ten people die due to blockage of brain arteries. And the very first and foremost sign of vascular occlusion is a headache!
Especially scary is the fact that the mass of people do not even suspect that they have a violation in the vascular system of the brain. People drink painkillers - a pill from the head, thus they miss the opportunity to fix something, simply condemning themselves to death.
Vascular blockage results in a disease under the well-known name "hypertension", here are just some of its symptoms:
- Black dots before eyes (flies)
- Apathy, irritability, drowsiness
- Blurry vision
- Chronic fatigue
- Facial swelling
- Numbness and chills
- Pressure jumps
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Can headache with menopause?
At the beginning of menopause, there is a sharp decrease in the female hormones - estrogen and progesterone, which belong to the steroid hormone group.
This group is responsible for the full functioning of the genitourinary, nervous and vegetative systems of the female body.
A deficiency of these hormones forms a complete change in the hormonal background and vital functions, provoking a vivid manifestation of the menopausal syndrome.
First of all, these are severe headaches with flushing, hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), irritability, sleep disturbance and other signs.
Accordingly, if a woman after 35 years of age begins to experience pain in the head of a different etiology, then this fact is often a precursor of the onset of menopause.
Characteristic symptoms and signs
Headache during menopause has its own characteristic features associated with the constant influence of the causative factor in the absence of pathology therapy.
Often, menopausal cephalgia is accompanied by various symptoms that depend on the pathogenetic nature of the development process.
- sudden headaches, exciting temporal lobes and forehead,
- there is often a blackening in the eyes, tightness, heaviness in the head, especially in the neck,
- there may be migraine attacks accompanied by photo and phonophobia, nausea, and sometimes vomiting,
- headaches or migraines with menopause are usually accompanied by hot flashes: redness of the face, neck, upper half of the body, as well as increased sweating,
- unmotivated lability of the nervous system arises - a state of irritability, fear, anxiety, anger, aggressiveness or, on the contrary, constant tearfulness (tearfulness),
- there are unpleasant sensations of difficulty breathing, swallowing, dry skin and mucous membranes (eyes, mouth, vagina),
- possible frequent urination, up to incontinence,
- there comes a rapid aging
- change in body weight, weight gain occurs more often,
- possible development of various diseases, sometimes very dangerous,
- termination of the menstrual cycle
- completion of the childbearing function.
Conventional painkillers do not effectively alleviate the condition.
Therefore, headaches during menopause require a full medical examination.
Only a thorough screening of hormonal background will help to identify the true cause of their origin for the appointment of competent therapy.
During menopause, menopausal syndrome occurs - a complex of symptoms that manifest themselves in the period of general age-related involution, accompanied by the extinction of the female reproductive system.
For menopause is characterized by a change in neurovegetative, metabolic and endocrine, as well as other vital functions.
This process is complemented by the occurrence of disorders of the psycho-emotional and psychogenic state of a woman of varying degrees of intensity and duration.
In medical practice, there are two types of menopause - physiological and pathological.
- Physiological - proceeds quite gently, without manifesting pronounced symptoms. A woman lives and works as a full-fledged rich life, without needing additional treatment.
- Pathological - it is difficult, exhausting the female body, usually you have to go to the doctors and get seriously treated, otherwise your health can be completely undermined. In this case, some pathologies can be smoothed out, and some remain almost to the end of life.
The climacteric period is conventionally divided into three types of state development:
Premenopause - the initial stage before the onset of menopause, the period before the last menstruation.
Menopause - starts after the last menstruation.
Postmenopause is the stage from the last menstrual cycle until the last days of life.
Each stage is characterized by its own characteristics, as well as certain successive changes in the body.
This is the first phase of the onset of menopause, which is characterized by central hormonal disorders.
When the involution of the hypothalamus (the highest regulatory center) occurs, sensitivity to the effects of estrogen begins to appear.
This process causes a violation of regulatory functions on the principle of reverse regulation. That is, there is a decrease in hormones that provide normal vascular tone of the brain and the organism as a whole.
The mechanism of the decline of hormones leads to vasospasm, arterial and intracranial hypertension, which provokes the occurrence of headaches.
Therefore, hormonal imbalance is perceived as the primary manifestation at the onset of menopause. However, the decrease in estrogen on this this is not enough to stop the menstruation.
Menstruation can be irregular, fast, or a little abundant, and it is not at each cycle that the egg is released. Therefore, the possibility of conception is very difficult, but it exists.
Premenopause can have an early stage - from 35 years, middle - from 45 years and late - from 55 years, which is extremely rare.
This is the last independent menstruation, which is set only conditionally. Therefore, under menopause, a long period (at least 12 months) after menstruation is determined, during which the woman did not have PMS.
The level of female hormones falls to a critical point, reproductive functions cease.
This is the last stage of menopause, in which the production of hormones stops completely. The size of the ovaries is reduced, and the function of their work in the woman's body is completed completely.
Only the adrenal cortex continues to synthesize hormones, but in a very small volume. There is a complete restructuring of the body and the adaptation of all systems to a new state of functioning.
The primary cause of cephalgia during menopause is considered a change in hormonal levels, as well as metabolic processes in a woman's body.
It is from these problems that the following results:
- Stretching and contraction of vessels (hot flashes), pressure surges, lack of oxygen. All this has a negative effect on the brain and provokes pain in the head.
- The instability of the mental state, the constant change of mood, nervousness, stress, depression, insomnia - these are pronounced menopause satellites, causing headaches.
- A decrease in the level of collagen causes an excessive expenditure of calcium in the body, which leads to changes in the bones and spine. Tension, spasm of muscle and nerve fibers are provocateurs of pain.
- The provocateurs of climacteric cephalgia can be external factors, for example, weather changes or the use of alcohol, nicotine, preservatives, fatty foods, and so on.
The causes of headaches are many. Let us dwell on the most common.
Factors triggering hormonal imbalance:
- hereditary predisposition in the early stage of the offensive,
- pathology of the reproductive system or certain organs
- transfer of genital infections (chlamydia, gonorrhea, mycoplasmosis, gonorrhea, syphilis),
- uncontrolled or unsystematic acceptance of contraceptive hormones,
- thyroid or pancreas disease,
- adrenal dysfunction,
- a large number of abortions
- abdominal surgery,
- a very early or, on the contrary, late onset of sexual intercourse,
- prolonged sexual abstinence and many others.
In most cases, hormonal imbalance causes dysfunction of the pituitary and hypothalamus, which ensure the normal functioning of the nervous and endocrine systems.
Usually hormonal failure in the female body occurs at 42-50 years old, lasts about five years, and then gradually subsides.
This is a condition that is characterized by hypertension. For many women in menopause, it becomes the haunting norm.
The causes of the varied:
- hormone disruptions
- chronic diseases
- reproductive problems
- constant depressive or stressful conditions.
These pathologies contribute to an increase in blood volume in the body, from which the cardiovascular system suffers. An increase in cardiac output leads to the development of arterial hypertension.
In most cases, this depends on the following factors:
- endocrine dysfunction
- childbirth occurred at the age of over 30,
- the presence of diabetes
Symptoms that help to respond to pathology in a timely manner:
- the occurrence of headache
- the appearance of heart palpitations,
- mood swings,
- cystitis (frequent urination).
Arterial hypertension leads to atherosclerosis, heart attack and stroke. Therefore, this pathology requires serious treatment.
Spasms of cerebral vessels
This pathology is called cerebral angiospasm - a narrowing of the lumen of the brain arteries or acute vascular dystonia (vascular crisis).
Manifested in the form of intense and prolonged contractions of smooth muscles of the vascular wall.
There are several types of vascular spasms, accompanied by various symptoms. The cause is the mass of diseases.
Risk factors for menopause:
- intoxication of different origin,
- bad habits: smoking, alcoholism, drug addiction,
- sleep disturbance, stressful situations, severe overload and overwork,
- sudden change of weather conditions, magnetic storms, dehydration,
- consumption of strong drinks (coffee, tea),
- hereditary stroke.
Menopause headaches can be caused by increased intracranial pressure. The causes of many, including hormonal changes.
Symptoms are similar: headaches with flushes, unstable psycho-emotional state, fever, etc.
This pathology is characterized by the following symptoms during menopause:
- against the background of hormonal imbalance, the concentration of harmful cholesterol increases, plaques appear on the walls of blood vessels, the lumen narrows and blood circulation is impaired,
- in the female body the concentration of sodium chloride increases, which leads to swelling of the lower and upper extremities, face, neck,
- in most cases obesity or overweight is observed,
- increases the risk of hypertrophy of the heart muscle.
Pathology of the cervical spine
Cervical osteochondrosis is a degenerative disease of the spine. At the same time, destructive processes capture not only vertebrae and joints, but also ligaments and intervertebral disks.
In the presence of this pathology during menopause, symptoms begin to worsen. With the defeat of the cervical region the following changes will occur:
- headaches in the occipital, parietal or temporal region, which are aggravated by neck movement,
- pain can cause loss of consciousness
- with a sharp rise before the eyes appear black dots
- feeling of stuffiness and tinnitus
- gradual impairment of hearing
- gradual loss of vision
- snoring in a dream
- voice change (hoarseness, weakness, etc.),
- tooth decay
- numbness of face and neck,
- pressure surges.
Quite often, with menopause, this disease leads to the development of intervertebral hernia.
The process of menopause is quite strongly influenced by the state of health and psyche of the woman before the onset of menopause.
According to practice, climacteric neuroses appear at the first stage of the premenopazal period, and earlier than all other symptoms.
This is due to the change in appearance:
- the appearance of the first gray hair and wrinkles,
- changes in body weight, usually women start to gain weight,
- deterioration of the skin condition.
When menopause occurs, metabolic processes are disturbed, which leads to these changes.
A woman's psychosomatics loses the usual compensation that develops:
- heightened suspiciousness
- acute sensitivity even to trifles
- mood swings
- unmotivated surges of emotions
- behavioral demonstration,
- inappropriate emotions and reactions.
Many of the fair sex at this stage lose their confidence.
Thoughts that they will cease to be as desirable for their partners, cause internal instability and external aggression.
Good results in the fight against nervousness during this period provide an active care for their appearance.
There are cases of a different nature, when during a menopause a woman completely loses interest in her appearance, health, and even social status.
Symptoms of climacteric neurosis are varied, and their duration is limitless. This can occur over a period of 3-6 months or be delayed for 15-18 years, and sometimes for the rest of your life.
With the development of the pathological form of menopause, the help of a qualified specialist is needed to help relieve neurotic syndrome.
Why does it hurt every day?
There are many causes of headaches in menopause. However, medicine identifies four main factors:
- neurotic syndrome
- pathology of the cervical spine,
- sudden pressure drops
- vascular problems of the brain.
Localization of pain is different, as is the duration. Daily headaches are associated with a specific pathology to which the body reacts in this way.
Do not engage in self-diagnosis or self-treatment. It is necessary to consult a doctor, be examined and find out the origin of the pain.
With the help of competent treatment can significantly alleviate their condition.
Pathogenesis of pain
The development of menopause is the aging of the hypothalamus and dysfunction of homeostatic centers, which are located in it and the limbic system.
This process entails the occurrence of subsequent violations, the development or exacerbation of pathologies.
The pathogenesis of headaches is blood circulation disorders.
Increased intracranial pressure is caused by the following factors, which are caused by a decrease in hormones:
- violation of venous outflow,
- dysregulation of vein tone,
- sodium and water retention
- increase in circulating blood volume.
It is the low concentration of estrogen that leads to the delay of vital substances (sodium and water) for the brain.
This process provokes the development of arterial hypertension, which leads to a change in the value of blood in the arteries.
In essence, a vicious circle is formed in which each chain depends on the other and entails subsequent violations.
These processes occurring during menopause, contribute not only to the occurrence of headache, but also their intensity and duration.
Complications and consequences for the body
Complications of headaches during menopause can be very serious, as they are usually characterized by high intensity. In the presence of comorbidities, the consequence of this symptom will be a stroke.
A critical situation can be avoided by timely screening hormonal background and its correction.
The prognosis of running headaches during menopause is characterized by a long and difficult treatment.
It is necessary to promptly identify the cause, take measures and prevent the condition of the woman.
What to do with headache during menopause?
Treatment of headache in menopause is directly related to the correction of hormonal changes.
After identifying why the headache hurts, additional therapy is carried out, which allows to relieve pain by anesthesia.
For example, a highly effective remedy - herbal tablets Vinkanor, which is prescribed to women during menopause.
The complex uses hormone replacement therapy to maintain normal levels of estrogen, combined with NPSP (nonsteroidal drugs) and sedatives.
For a milder correction of menopause, they often use biphasic drugs that contain both estrogen and progesterone.
Despite the fact that menopause is a natural physiological phenomenon, it is important to undergo a full examination in order to diagnose possible pathologies in a timely manner.
Women who have crossed the line in 40 years are better prepared in advance for the onset of menopause. It is necessary to visit a therapist, gynecologist and neurologist every six months.
The following tests are usually prescribed:
- general blood analysis,
- biochemical blood test to check the entire lipid spectrum,
- glucose tolerance test
- hemostasis and coagulogram to study the degree of blood clotting,
- mammography to exclude breast tumors,
- radiography of the cervical spine and
- two-photon densitometry to prevent the development of osteoparosis,
- Ultrasonography on check of vessels.
The remaining differential studies are conducted on the basis of anamnesis or signs of the manifestation of pathology in the process of the onset of menopause.
For example, if a woman has a history of problems with the cardiovascular system, then a cardiography is indicated.
In any case, the preparatory measures for menopause will help to pass this difficult period with a minimum of discomfort.
Quick help for pain relief
At the time of occurrence of pain, it is recommended to take funds for pain relief, as well as to additionally carry out procedures that allow to stop the attack.
Coping with pain helps:
- warm baths with herbs or essential oils,
- effectively just steaming your feet,
- make herbal decoction (of mint, hawthorn) or drink green tea with melissa,
- put a compress on a sore point
- create conditions for a comfortable rest in silence and relax,
- drink a sedative and try to fall asleep.
To effectively deal with menopause, it is necessary that the drugs be selected and appointed by a specialist.
Treatment of folk remedies
Alternative medicine is used quite widely to treat pain in the head. The use of folk remedies contributes to the regulation of hormonal homeostasis and vascular tone, while giving an analgesic effect.
Type pine buds and brew 1 tbsp. l on 1 liter of boiling water. It is advisable to use a thermos. The composition is infused overnight, take half a cup 4-5 times a day. The course of taking 30 days.
Take mint, currants and nettles (dry leaves), 1 tbsp. l., brew boiling water, put on fire, hold for 5 minutes. Broth drink warm on an empty stomach on a half cup in the morning. Reception course 21 days.
To maintain all the functions of the female body during menopause and in order to eliminate pain, take vitamin complexes, homeopathic preparations, as well as herbal remedies.
Effective remedies for menopause.
To understand why a woman has a headache with menopause, and to exclude serious pathologies, the doctor will conduct a survey. He will take an interest in what character pain is, how long it lasts and what intensity it has, learns in which area it is localized, how often it occurs.
Based on the information received, in the future he may appoint:
- CT scan
- x-ray examination
- blood and urine test.
All this will help confirm or deny the preliminary diagnosis.
It is important to understand that if a woman has headaches during menopause, the treatment can be completely different. It will depend on the cause of the pathological condition, the degree of discomfort and the individual characteristics of the patient's body.
Currently, the most effective way to treat headaches and eliminate many other unpleasant symptoms of menopause is HRT. Start taking hormones should be at the beginning of menopause. The use of drugs 5 years after postmenopause will not give any results.
The composition of drugs for hormone therapy includes female sex hormones. It is with their help that the endocrine balance is stabilized.
As part of such funds often includes estradiol valerate. It is able to eliminate headaches in women with menopause in a fairly short time, normalize the emotional state, improve sleep, eliminate hot flashes, dizziness, irritability and mood swings.
As practice shows, most often for HRT specialists prescribe such drugs to women:
These tools are effective and have been tested for years. Recently, however, women are increasingly preferring drugs that include phytohormones - herbal substances that are similar in structure to human hormones.
These drugs are also quite effective, but they also have a milder effect on the body, rather than products that include synthetic hormones. They are safe for the body even with prolonged use.
If we talk about herbal preparations intended to facilitate the flow of menopause, then these include:
It is worth understanding that all these medicines have some contraindications. For example, cancer, mastopathy, endometritis, the presence of uterine bleeding of unknown etiology, etc. This must be taken into account when prescribing.
Strengthen the effect of treatment for women can help a special vitamin-mineral complex, for example, Menopace.
There are several exercises that will help eliminate psycho-emotional stress and thereby reduce headache. They have no contraindications, do not cause side effects and are available to absolutely everyone.
You can do the exercises both standing and sitting or even lying down. Their essence is the implementation of movements with the use of bioenergy, which has a positive effect on the work of the whole organism.
You need to start the exercise with the deepest possible inhalation and gradual, slow exhalation. It is very important to concentrate on this moment, you need to put your whole soul into it. This action should be repeated 5-6 times. This will help you learn to relax.
Also, if you have headaches, it is important to learn how to relax. At this time, you need to think about your body, imagine a gradual relaxation of all muscles and immersion of the body in a state of weightlessness. If you perform these exercises, you can ease a slight headache or even get rid of it.
Massage of the head, neck and shoulders will also help to eliminate discomfort. For this purpose, you can visit massage parlors or perform self-massage at home. Http://www.youtube.com/watch? V = 3bWM6gZ6hf4
In the latter case, the massage should begin in the temples and gradually go to the forehead and the back of the head. At the end of your fingertips you need to walk all over your head. It is important to ensure that hand movements are not too strong and have light pressure. If desired, the pushing movements can be replaced with circular ones or combined them.
Headaches that occur during menopause can be a sign of a serious health threat. That is why, if a woman has pain and noise in the head in the menopause, it must be tested. A timely visit to a specialist will help eliminate serious pathologies and permanently get rid of pain.