Hygiene

Itching, burning, dryness in the intimate area in women: treatment

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With the onset of climacteric age in the female body, the production of the hormone estrogen gradually decreases, which entails certain consequences. Frequently accompanied by menopause is dry mucous membranes and vaginal pain. The causes of such ailments are stress, antibiotics, bad habits, lack of sex, etc. Vaginal dryness weakens the immune system, increasing the risk of developing inflammatory diseases. To improve the condition, it is necessary to choose the right moisturizers for intimate hygiene during menopause.

What should be included in the tool

When buying moisturizers designed to care for the delicate area, women need to pay special attention to what is included in the product. She must:

  • contain lactic acid, which allows you to maintain an optimal balance of microflora,
  • have D-panthenol, sea buckthorn oil, herbal extracts,
  • be pH neutral
  • do not contain aromatic substances, fragrances,
  • include high fat content
  • have an antibacterial substance and vitamin E.

Intimate soap for hygiene must be liquid, so that the polymers in it do not cause irritation and are easier to wash off with water. The cream for moisturizing the intimate area should not contain dyes. As a rule, the product has a delicate delicate aroma due to the presence of natural ingredients (sage or chamomile extract). For sensitive skin that is prone to irritation, you must choose a product with aloe vera.

What drugs for dryness in the intimate area better

The modern market of caring means includes a large number of items, each of which has its own indications and application features. In addition, their price will vary greatly depending on the manufacturer. Here are some of the most popular and popular moisturizers for intimate hygiene during menopause:

Related symptoms

In a healthy woman, vaginal mucus serves to moisturize the vaginal walls, which prevents dryness and discomfort. In addition, it is the body’s natural defense against the entry of pathogenic bacteria, as well as a barrier to their spread. If there are any disruptions in the process of producing this mucus, in addition to unpleasant sensations, problems may arise in sexual life, since sexual intercourse becomes painful.

In addition to itching, burning and dryness, there may additionally appear:

  • pain during intercourse,
  • tingling
  • feeling of pressure or pulsation in the vagina,
  • yellow-green discharge,
  • frequent urination to urinate.

Causes of itching and burning, not related to the disease

Such discomfort may occur due to:

  • ignoring the rules of intimate hygiene (every girl should remember that in order to maintain her health it is necessary to carry out daily water procedures of external genital organs and change underwear),
  • using synthetic underwear,
  • allergies to soap or shower gel, pads, tampons, and other intimate hygiene products.

To get rid of unpleasant sensations in the genital area, it is recommended to eliminate the cause of their appearance. However, if this did not help, then itching, burning, or dryness were triggered by the disease.

If itching and burning are accompanied by secretions

If atypical secretions are added to these unpleasant sensations, then an infection is definitely present in the body, which is actively spreading. Normally, there are vaginal discharge, but there is no discomfort. If they have changed their color and other external characteristics, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist as soon as possible for advice. Itching, burning, dryness in the intimate area can signal pathological processes in the female body and the presence of a disease of the genitourinary system.

There are several diseases whose main symptoms are itching, burning and white discharge.

The cause of the disease is Candida fungus. Normally, it is located in the vagina of every woman, but the balance of good and bad bacteria does not allow him to actively reproduce. But if there are some factors, this balance is disturbed, and infection occurs. These factors are:

  • long-term antibiotic treatment
  • sexual partner initiation
  • decrease in immunity as a result of another disease,
  • hormonal disorders,
  • diabetes.

In addition to itching and burning, the following symptoms are present:

  • cheesy discharge,
  • sour smell
  • pain during urination.

In this case, the treatment of dryness and burning in the intimate area requires the use of antibacterial agents. Their action is aimed at neutralizing and destroying the fungus - the main culprit of the disease. Antibiotics against candidiasis are available in the form of suppositories, pills and ointments. The main rule is that both sexual partners should be treated.

Bacterial vaginosis

This disease is characterized by a violation of the bacterial balance in the vagina, in which the number of bad microorganisms increases dramatically. This is the main cause of infectious inflammation, or bacterial vaginosis. In addition to itching and burning, an unpleasant odor appears that cannot be eliminated even by accelerated water procedures, and atypical discharge (usually white, rarely grayish or greenish, stretching, thick).

The causes of this disease are:

  • long-term use of antibiotics
  • use of spermicides,
  • taking oral contraceptives
  • hormonal imbalance (appears during pregnancy or menopause).

Treatment is carried out only after the diagnosis, the purpose of which is to determine the type of bacteria that provoked an imbalance. Only after this antimicrobial therapy is carried out.

Genital herpes

In this case, in addition to itching and burning, a small rash appears, which is a small blister with yellowish contents inside. After these bubbles are opened, erosions are formed, which give a burning sensation.

Sexually transmitted disease is transmitted. In many cases, the patient is not aware of the infection, since immunity prevents the infection from spreading. However, by reducing the function of the immune infection, the herpes virus is activated. The danger of the disease is a constant relapse, as well as asymptomatic occurrence. In addition, the danger of the disease is for the embryo, but only if the expectant mother was infected during pregnancy for the first time.

Itching during pregnancy

There is dryness and burning sensation in the intimate area and during pregnancy. This happens due to violations of the hormonal background of the woman and reduced overall immunity. This contributes to the enhancement of vaginal secretion, as well as the activation of pathogenic bacteria. In addition, if there were pathogens of thrush or other fungal diseases in the body of a woman before pregnancy, itching becomes strong enough and brings discomfort to everyday life. It is not necessary to self-medicate in this case and set yourself diagnoses yourself, even if you are confident in it. During pregnancy, all appointments should be made by a doctor on the basis of the examination. Self-medication is unacceptable.

In addition, you can protect yourself and your future baby if you prevent the possibility of the infection spreading even before pregnancy and undergo a course of preventive treatment in advance.

Discomfort after childbirth

This problem, namely dryness in the intimate area, is one of the most common among young mothers. This is due to hormonal disorders in the body, so it’s enough just to wait a while for the body to return to the prenatal state. Vaginal dryness is caused by a significant decrease in estrogen, which during pregnancy was many times greater.

Within six weeks after giving birth, doctors do not recommend starting a sex life, since wounds need to be completely healed. This can be helped by lubricating with vitamin A, which helps accelerate regeneration and increase moisture. If the scar is felt tactile, it can be smeared with olive oil. If symptoms, including itching and dryness, persist for several months, you should consult with a gynecologist. You may need plastic surgery to smooth the scar.

Why there is discomfort during menstruation

Statistics say that itching in an intimate place during menstruation was felt by every woman at least once in her life. This is due to the fact that during this period various kinds of hormonal disruptions can occur in the body. In addition, itching and dryness of the intimate zone can occur against the background of violations of the thyroid and pancreas glands. Also, diabetes can cause discomfort for the same reason. After stabilization of the hormonal background, itching and dryness pass by themselves, and additional treatment is not required in this case.

In addition, the cause of the discomfort can be an infection, but if this phenomenon recurs with enviable regularity, then the cause of this phenomenon is likely to be a decrease in the level of the hormone estrogen at certain periods of life. However, to verify this, you must still contact your gynecologist for advice. You may still need to use special vaginal tablets or suppositories, which include hyaluronic and lactic acid.

Discomfort after sexual intercourse

Sometimes sexual intercourse may not bring the pleasure that is expected of him. And this may be due to burning and itching in the intimate area immediately after sex. One of the causes of discomfort may be an allergic reaction to latex or condom flavors. If this reason is excluded due to impossibility, then thrush, or candidiasis, leads to unpleasant sensations in the intimate area. This disease develops as a result of the reproduction of a fungus of the genus Candida, in which, in addition to dryness, white cheesy discharges appear.

This disease is treated for 1 to 2 weeks, depending on the neglect. Moreover, it is necessary to undergo treatment not only for a woman, but also for her sexual partner. Men also have symptoms of thrush in the form of itching and burning, but they are less pronounced.

If dryness and itching in the intimate area are caused by an allergy to the condom components or simply insufficient secretion, then it is recommended to use special lubricants that almost instantly moisturize the vagina, thereby increasing the sliveriness of its walls. In most cases, they are made on the basis of water using natural emollient ingredients, such as collagen, silk extract or bamboo extract. In addition, the composition of such funds may include antibacterial and antifungal ingredients, which will be an excellent prevention of diseases. Funds are also produced on the basis of glycerol, but it is rather difficult to wash them off after intercourse, which may, on the contrary, provoke the development of infection.

Dryness in the intimate area with menopause

Unfortunately, this period sooner or later comes in every woman. In women over the age of 45, dryness in the intimate area without discharge and itching can signal the onset of menopause. During menopause, the epithelium of the vagina becomes much thinner and loses its former elasticity due to a decrease in the production of collagen fibers. In addition, the amount of vaginal secretions decreases, which is why unpleasant sensations arise, in particular, dryness in the intimate area of ​​women.

All these factors provoke atrophic processes in the perineum and vagina. Itching and burning can be so severe that it is simply unrealistic to endure. It is because of scratching the affected areas and re-infection occurs, as well as the development of additional erosions and ulcers.

Do antibiotics affect the health of intimate places?

One of the main causes of dryness, itching and burning in the area of ​​the external genital organs in women is the use of antibiotics. Antibacterial agents are designed to eliminate infection and inflammation, but at the same time the natural flora of the intestine and vagina is killed. The overall immunity of the body is also significantly reduced, due to which the latter is no longer able to fight the infection, and pathogenic microorganisms multiply. This is what leads to an imbalance of the vaginal microflora, which is why itching, burning and dryness appear.

Causes of itching and burning during urination

Unlike candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis, itching and burning during urination are provoked by completely different bacteria and infections. In particular, the female urinary system is affected. Bacteria from the vagina can penetrate the organs of the urinary system (urethra, ureters, bladder, kidneys), thus provoking diseases. Normally, the process of urination is not uncomfortable, which is why itching, burning, pain may indicate the presence of the disease. It can be cystitis, urethritis, urolithiasis and others. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a doctor.

Diagnostic features

The female intimate zone is very sensitive to various pathogens, which is why even with a small number of them very unpleasant symptoms can appear, for example, dryness in the intimate zone (treatment depends on the diagnosis). In order to make a diagnosis and prescription of treatment, it is necessary to contact a gynecologist, who will send you to conduct research:

  • blood test,
  • Analysis of urine,
  • a vaginal smear to determine the type of pathogen and its sensitivity to antibiotics.

Only after the diagnosis, the doctor makes a treatment regimen.

Principles of treatment

Dryness, burning in the intimate area of ​​women, the cause of which is not the disease, goes away by itself. If relief does not come, you should contact your doctor, who will prescribe medications.

If dryness and burning in the intimate area are accompanied by infectious or fungal diseases, then the disease must be cured to eliminate the symptoms. In addition, it is necessary to restore the vaginal microflora.

If dryness in the intimate area (treatment, as a rule, consists in the use of moisturizers) is the result of the use of contraceptives in the form of suppositories or tablets, it is necessary to change the preparation. However, to do this not on their own, but after consulting a doctor. For moisturizing, you can use a variety of creams, gels, ointments with a high content of lactic and hyaluronic acid, as well as glycotene.

If dryness occurs in the intimate area during menopause, the treatment is hormone replacement therapy. It is conducted on the basis of the survey, taking into account the results of analyzes. In addition, there are special remedies for dryness in the intimate area.

Vaginal creams or suppositories, which include a certain amount of estrogen, do an excellent job with the problem of dry external genitalia. These remedies eliminate dryness in the intimate area of ​​women (treatment is based on this) and prevent the loss of flexibility of the vaginal walls. Well proven candles "Ovestin" and "Estriolovye".

The treatment takes place in two stages:

  1. At the first stage, broad-spectrum antibiotics are used, and exclusively in local dosage forms, that is, ointments, creams, suppositories. Also allowed the use of corticosteroid ointments, the main purpose of which is the elimination of the inflammatory process. Among them are the popular "Lokakorten", "Triacort", "Flutsinar."
  2. The purpose of the second stage is to restore the balance of the vaginal microflora. Therefore, the use of probiotics is required.

All drugs are prescribed exclusively by a doctor, however, symptoms can be reduced by means that are sold in a pharmacy without a prescription:

  • Furacilin (in tablets - 1 tablet per 100 ml of boiled water - or solution) should be used for scrubbing (the number of procedures per day depends on your condition),
  • Vagisil cream has proven itself to be a protective agent that can eliminate inflammation and reduce the intensity of itching and burning,
  • antihistamines will help to relieve itching quickly, for example, Suprastin, especially if such unpleasant sensations were provoked by an allergic reaction,
  • suppositories that are made on the basis of vitamin E, which increases the amount of moisture in the cavity of the vagina, will help to eliminate dryness,
  • The use of aloe vera gel will quickly relieve itching and dryness (you can also use natural remedy from fresh aloe juice).

How to eliminate unpleasant symptoms at home?

Treatment of dryness and burning in the intimate area prescribed by the doctor on the basis of the study, and it is strictly individual. However, a woman at home can relieve their own condition. The main rules are:

  • eliminate the use of flavored intimate hygiene products (pads, toilet paper, creams, detergents and feminine products),
  • for daily care of the external genital organs, it is recommended to use only water and an odorless soap, and this should be done no more than once a day (more frequent washing can only aggravate the situation),

  • to wash away after going to the toilet is also necessary correctly: only in the "front-back" direction,
  • when buying underwear preference to give cotton, and change it daily,
  • during intercourse, use condoms (provided that they are not allergic) as a prophylactic agent for various venereal diseases,

  • Different moisturizing lubricants (so-called lubricants) can be used to eliminate dryness in the intimate area, but it is better to choose water-based products, since they will not cause irritation and can be easily removed.
  • it is better to refuse sexual intercourse at the time of treatment until the complete elimination of discomfort,
  • if you feel a strong itch, then combing the site of the lesion is strictly prohibited, it can increase irritation, as well as provoke infection,
  • It is necessary to adjust the diet, in particular, to completely abandon the fatty and spicy dishes, alcohol.

Folk remedies for dryness in the intimate zone will also help alleviate the condition:

  • Washing the broth with chamomile or calendula, which requires 1 tbsp. l flowers pour 1 tbsp. boiling water and leave for 15 minutes (per day this procedure can be done up to 3-4 times, you do not need to use soap and rinse with water as well).
  • Douching twice a day for five days with a solution of soda, which is prepared as follows: 1 tsp. soda to dissolve 0.5 liters of warm water and stir until dissolved (you can replace with a solution of salt and iodine in a ratio of 30 g of salt, 5 g of iodine to 2 liters of water).
  • Lubrication of intimate places with vitamin E in an oil solution, which can be mixed with ordinary vegetable (having boiled it beforehand) twice a day (if the dryness is excessive, then the number of procedures can be increased).
  • Baths with decoctions of herbs, for example, chamomile or calendula (in a hot bath put dry flowers wrapped in gauze and leave for 10 minutes, the duration of the procedure itself is about 20 minutes).
  • The kiwi extract of the vine copes well with dryness (the advantage of this lubricant, which is sold in specialized stores, is to maintain the natural pH balance).

When the first unpleasant symptoms appear, it is recommended to consult a specialist. The sooner they are eliminated, the less chance the disease will have complications.

Causes of vaginal dryness

Dry intimate zone occurs in women of any age. Here are the main reasons for its appearance:

Age over 40 years. Before menopause, during or after its termination, the amount of the female hormone (estrogen) decreases sharply. It is estrogen that contributes to the development of mucus in the vagina, blood circulation and the creation of an acidic environment.

Medications. Some cardiovascular, desensitizing and diuretic drugs cause vaginal dryness.

Allergic reactions. Spirits, lotions and soaps can cause vaginal allergies and dryness.

End of the menstrual cycle. Before menstruation, there are not enough female hormones in the body, and the amount of progesterone rises.

Oral contraceptives. A group of contraceptives containing only progesterone (mini-pili) often leads to this problem.

Malignant diseases, stress and depression, the postpartum period, surgical removal of the ovaries, chemotherapy or radiation treatment of cancer, Sjogren's syndrome, frequent douching. Also the cause of vaginal dryness can be smoking and alcohol. These bad habits can disrupt the functioning of internal organs, as well as alter hormonal levels.

Diagnosis of vaginal dryness

Itching and burning are the first signs of dryness in the intimate area. A small amount of lactobacilli leads to the fact that the pathological microflora appears in the vagina. Sexual intercourse is accompanied by unpleasant painful sensations. Over time, the desire to have sex disappears.

All these symptoms are an excellent reason to visit a gynecologist, who will advise how to properly restore the microflora.

Treatment for vaginal dryness

If dryness has arisen due to a decrease in hormone levels, experts prescribe hormone replacement therapy based on estrogen, which restores vaginal function and regenerates the protective layer. Some doctors prescribe oral medications and topical preparations (suppositories or vaginal ointments). A few days after hormone therapy, women feel positive. Increased blood flow to the hip area and the amount of natural lubrication.

If hormone therapy is contraindicated, apply a mixture of medicinal plants that have a positive effect on the hormonal background.

Women who suffer from vaginal dryness are recommended:

Use non-hormonal lubricants or lubricants with a low pH during intimate hygiene. They do not lead to inflammation of the mucous, and maintain normal microflora.

Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day. Water helps to eliminate toxins and retains moisture in the vagina.

Do not completely eliminate the use of fat. After 40 years, be sure to include soy products in the diet.

Good prevention of vaginal dryness is regular sex. Sexual arousal promotes blood flow to the internal genital organs. After that vaginal lubrication is released. In addition, regular sexual intercourse improves the woman’s well-being, improves the quality of life and keeps the vagina elastic.

  • Vaginal dryness: causes and treatment

Useful information

Atrophic vaginitis (vaginal dryness) is irritation that is caused by shrinking and thinning the tissues of the vaginal walls. In addition, the effect of reducing the amount of natural lubrication emitted. The cause of discomfort is dryness of the mucous membrane, which manifests itself in the form of bleeding and pain during intercourse, burning and itching. Symptoms of this unpleasant phenomenon can be strong and frequent urge to urinate.

It is worth noting that the amount of natural moisturizing lubricant secreted by the walls of the vagina for each woman individually and varies at different levels. This is considered normal. As a rule, many women are not even aware of its presence or absence of any fluid in the vagina, as it is odorless and colorless. The moment of sexual arousal may indicate its presence. After the liquid is produced in smaller quantities or not produced at all, the woman begins to feel dry.

An excellent environment for the emergence of nonspecific colpitis and colonization of pathological microflora is the reduction of lactobacilli. Vaginal dryness adversely affects the sexual life of women. As a rule, pain during intercourse forces them to avoid intimacy with a partner.

Vaginal dryness can occur in women for a variety of reasons and at any age.

Menopause. As proven in practice, vaginal dryness often occurs in women at a certain age (40–60 years) during menopause. At this time, there is a natural decrease in the level of the female hormone estrogen. It is he who is responsible for maintaining optimum acidity and moisture in the vagina. The decrease in this level leads to a change in pH, weakening of the natural protection. As a result, the amount of alkali increases significantly. Thinned tissue of the vagina and a high pH level contribute to the negative penetration of infections. After that, there is a sharp likelihood of cracking, open ulcers on the walls of the vagina.

The development of dryness in the vagina can also be promoted by the appearance of allergic reactions to modern hygiene products (shower gels, lotions and soaps). When buying them, preference should be given to hypoallergenic products without the content of aromatic substances and dyes.

If vaginal dryness occurs against the background of a decrease in the level of hormones, specialists usually prescribe hormone replacement therapy without antibiotics. It is based on estrogen. This therapy promotes the regeneration of the protective layer and the restoration of vaginal functions. Hormone therapy can occur with the use of oral agents and topical preparations (suppositories and vaginal ointments).

With individual contraindications for hormone therapy, mixtures of medicinal plants are used. They have a special ability to positively affect the hormonal background. Eliminate the dryness of the vagina and strengthen the reproductive system of drugs that contain the extract of niacin, mountain femur, boron uterus, hops. Before using them, be sure to consult with your doctor.

Dry genital organs with menopause

The appearance of dryness of the vulva is caused by a decrease in the production of estrogens during menopause, and now only 20% of the hormone is synthesized by the ovaries. Of the many functions of this hormone, one is to maintain the microflora of the mucous membranes of the body.

The lack of estrogen immediately affects the vagina of a woman, and the woman often begins to feel uncomfortable in the intimate area.

What are the signs of vaginal dryness during menopause?

Symptoms of dryness of the intimate zone can appear completely unexpectedly and have very unpleasant feelings:

  1. burning, itching of the labia minora, the vaginal opening and the organ itself,
  2. the same manifestations at the entrance to the urethra,
  3. there is a tightness of the mucous,
  4. bleeding mucous,
  5. painful sensation during sexual intercourse.

From anatomy

Vulva is one of the components of the female system, which has quite a few missions: to move sperm into the uterus, to protect the internal parts of the reproductive system. The vagina has a muscular structure, inside it there is a mucous membrane, containing glands that produce a mucous substance of subacid quality, which prevents the pathogenic microflora from penetrating into the uterus. At a younger age, blood circulation in the epithelium is active: it nourishes the mucous membranes with oxygen, renewing epithelial tissues and glands.

When blood circulation is disturbed when the body fades, mucous membranes shrink, become inelastic, thinner, are not lubricated, as before, with a secret, the nerve endings in the epithelium become bare.

As a result, dryness occurs in the intimate zone during menopause. In medicine, this phenomenon is called atrophic, senile or senile colpitis or vaginitis.

Why does the intimate zone dryness begin?

Vaginal dryness is also possible in young women, but in the balzak age this trouble can speak about various problems inside the body:

  • a lot of stress in menopause, affecting many processes in the body, including dry mucous membranes,
  • treatment with some drugs (antidepressants, antibiotics, diuretics, antiallergic) cause a change in vaginal secretion,
  • such a bad habit, like smoking, feeding the whole body with various poisons,
  • personal hygiene products with various chemical additives: dyes, flavors,
  • wearing underwear from artificial, synthetic fibers,
  • the lack of sex in the menopause due to pain, leading to greater vaginal dryness, because the lubricant is not released. This is superimposed on such a problem in menopause, as a decrease in sexual desire.

Complications of colpitis

The reduced level of estrogen in menopause weakens women's health, decreases its immunity.

Colpitis that appears, if you do not take measures to treatment, can lead to the following manifestations:

  1. fungal diseases in the vagina and uterus - begin due to a change in the environment to alkaline, which is beneficial for pathogenic flora,
  2. disease of the urethra, bladder wall thinning, urinary incontinence, pain during urination,
  3. erosion in the genital area
  4. the appearance of headaches, lethargy, weakness of the body.

The hidden causes of vaginitis

Vaginal dryness with menopause may occur due to hidden diseases that can linger for a long time inside the body without showing itself.

Here is a list of diseases accompanied by the drying of the vulva:

  • benign and malignant tumors,
  • bacterial form of vaginosis,
  • endometriosis of the uterus,
  • myoma nodes in the uterus and cervix,
  • diabetes,
  • consequence of radiation or chemotherapy,
  • genital herpes,
  • sexually transmitted diseases,
  • autoimmune diseases.

Dryness in the genital area is also present after removal of the female organs, leading to artificial menopause.

Hygienic causes of dryness of the vulva

It is not necessary that you get a terrible unknown disease if you experience discomfort inside the vagina. Causes may be commonplace:

  • non-compliance with the rules of intimate hygiene,
  • douching that drains even more
  • consequence of treatment with antibiotics, diuretic, pressure-reducing pills,
  • allergic to laundry detergents, perfumed soaps, intimate hygiene gels,
  • reduced blood flow in the area of ​​female organs,
  • missing or rare sex life,
  • tight linen made of non-natural fabrics.

Some helpful tips

  1. Modern pleasantly smelling shower gels, perfumed soap are replete with chemical harmful additives that cause irritation of the skin and mucous membranes, moreover, they can lead to an allergic reaction. And since they have an alkaline composition, it may corrode the unprotected inner lining of the vulva or wash off the remnants of the protective secretion, and - the way is open to infection. To preserve the acidic environment in the vagina, using for intimate hygiene with ordinary moisturizing soap, toilet paper without dyes and fragrances will be a way to protect the microflora of the intimate zone.
  2. Very tight underwear squeezes the body, does not allow blood to freely saturate the genitals with oxygen. It is also better to sacrifice a beautiful view in synthetic lace thongs and purchase cotton underwear, which is preferable for healthy skin and mucous membranes.
  3. Lack of flushing also causes pathogenic fungi and infections to thrive in the vagina. There may come such a problem as candidiasis, accompanied by a bad amber from the intimate area, itching, burning, and discharge.
  4. Indiscriminate sexual relations are dangerous at any age, can cause problems with infection of sexually transmitted diseases and other infections. One sex partner for life - safe sex. By the way, even the use of condoms used for protection does not save AIDS and hepatitis, as it is proved that the size of viruses is much smaller than microscopic holes in the latex of products.
  5. To wash out the intimate area, you should not use face wash or shower gel. Ph means should be neutral so as not to harm the vaginal microflora.
  6. For menopause, choose products for the intimate zone with phytohormones, lactic acid, hyaluronic acid, aloe vera, panthenol, and extracts of soothing herbs. Check the possibility of allergens in the product.
  7. Do not use condoms with perfumes and non-smooth surfaces, so as not to irritate the thinned epithelium.
  8. Do not expect that the problem of dryness of intimate places with time will resolve itself. You need to arm yourself with the knowledge of how to deal with it, understand that you need to learn to live with it until the end of days. It is necessary to go to an appointment with a doctor to determine the causes of discomfort: if necessary, take tests to eliminate the occurrence of the disease and determine the choice of means to eliminate dryness and burning.

Hormones for getting rid of colpitis

Since there is a lack of estrogen in the female organs during menopause, the doctor may prescribe a patient the means of hormone replacement therapy.

It must be remembered that the self-selection of funds can be tragic for the lady, becoming the cause of cancer or endometrial dysplasia. Do not rely on the choice of your friends or relatives: give the gynecologist to prescribe the right drugs. In hormone therapy, there is a rather large selection of means for normalizing estrogen balance - vaginal hormonal rings, ointments, lubricants, suppositories, tablets:

  • Introduction of gels Dermestril, Klimara, Divigel is carried out using an applicator. Quickly remove the feeling of dryness and moisturize, create elasticity of the epithelium of the vagina.
  • Installation hormonal ring - is conducted by a doctor. This tool contains estrogen, gradually absorbed by the mucous membrane and eliminates the symptoms of colpitis for 1 - 3 months.
  • Use of vaginal suppositories Ovestina, Opode - for two weeks removes bad sensations inside the vagina.
  • If there is a serious shortage of hormones, the gynecologist is entitled to prescribe oral drugs HRT (what is it).

Hormonal candles

Vaginal candles restore the mucous membrane of the intimate zone, and are not dangerous for women: they do not cause endometriosis and hormone-dependent tumors. When a woman has contraindications to the use of drugs with estriol, you can use herbal remedies with herbal ingredients.

Состав свечей нормализует состояние лактобактериальной микрофлоры во влагалище и насыщают слизистую гиалуроновой кислотой.

Having carefully studied the composition and contraindications of these suppositories, a woman can make a choice herself and purchase the following candles with herbal composition:

Gels or Lubricants

Gels are used to lubricate the insides of the vulva to eliminate the discomfort of this place.

Gels help only to relieve symptoms of colpitis, without affecting the hormone levels of women. The composition of the gels is similar to the natural lubrication of the vagina, they are designed to eliminate the feeling of dryness and cramps, especially during intercourse. For prolonged effect, the gels contain synthetic hormones with lactic acid and chlorhexidine. Apply gels to sleep, with symptoms of colpitis, moreover, gradually reduce the dose of the substance introduced into the organ over time. Popularly use the following gels:

Phytohormonal therapy for vaginal dryness

Developed many natural remedies for the fight against atrophic colpitis. Check out the following forms:

  • application Cyclodinone, Klimadinona Uno, Qi-Klima with phytohormones stimulates the body to produce estrogen,
  • vitamin intake BUT and E normalizes the health of the mucous membranes,
  • vaginal suppositories Vagikal calendula removes burning, itching, promotes healing of wounds and cracks,
  • use of candles Femina, Zikatridina ensures removal of dryness of the vulva for a long time, hyaluronic acid, aloe extract, calendula in their composition will help with this,
  • use of gels Ginokomfort, Ginofit, Monavita designed to remove the symptoms of vaginitis, normalize the acidity of the vaginal flora, protect against infection, use before sexual intercourse, preferably during menopause,
  • means Bliss in gel form also removes signs of colpitis and restores vulvar lubrication, hypoallergenic, moisturizing, heals vaginal microtraumas,
  • application Vagilaka on the basis of gel and candles under the same name is popular with women during menopause, in the composition - lactic acid. The tool normalizes lactoflora of the vulva, removes all unpleasant sensations, does not allow recurring bacterial vaginosis,
  • purchase Lactacide for the treatment of vaginitis will help gently affect the mucous membranes, and restore their health.

Subject to hygiene and proper nutrition with omega-3 acid, victory over vaginal dryness will be ensured, but you should be reminded that you need to be treated under the supervision of a gynecologist.

How to use creams and gels?

Before use, be sure to read the instructions of the tool. If there are no contraindications for you, the rules of application are as follows:

  1. washing and washing hands before the procedure ensures that no germs can get inside,
  2. apply a clean applicator to the vulvar mucosa and into the opening of the vagina,
  3. the amount of funds for one application and the duration of use pre-discuss with your doctor.

Folk methods for vaginal dryness

What else can be done with vaginal dryness, other than using medicines? The use of herbs, douches, herbal baths is not superfluous in the treatment of dryness in the intimate area during menopause.

Using herbal teas, you can not worry about side effects and allergies. Folk remedies for all manifestations of menopause have always been and will be for the weaker sex in priority.

Perhaps the use of decoctions both orally and for irrigation of the genital organs, the composition is identical in both cases:

  1. Take nettle sixty grams, oregano - twenty, calendula - thirty, chamomile and veronica drug - fifty grams. Boil five minutes in half a liter of water, lay at its boil. Take half a cup for two weeks every day.
  2. Borovaya uterus and the mother is excellent herbs for women's health. One hundred grams of the mixture pour 2 cups of boiling water and insist, take the third part of the glass three times a day before meals.
  3. You can douche the vagina by boiling a calendula, but not more than five times in one course of treatment, so as not to damage the vulvar microflora.
  4. You can wash with a diluted decoction of chamomile, train or boron uterus.
  5. Relaxation of the nervous system, removal of signs of vaginitis give trays with motherwort. Sixty grams of motherwort pour two cups of hot water and boil for two - three minutes. Insist 30 minutes, strain and add to the bath. The procedure is carried out 1 time in 7 days.
  6. There is an extreme way to saturate the vulva with vitamin E: take a sterile bandage, make a tampon from it, dip a mixture of 1 ampoule of liquid vitamin oil with boiled refined sunflower oil in a volume of 50 ml, enter into the vagina for five minutes. It is possible to use this mixture to lubricate the mucous until it passes dryness in the vagina.

Instead of gels for lubrication, it is recommended to use natural oils:

If you take your health seriously, regularly use the selected remedies; mucous tissues are restored, moistened, rejuvenated, and cracks heal.

Recommendations for nutritional nuances

Organizing the lifestyle and eating habits is also important for the treatment of atrophic vaginitis in menopause, as is the cure. The recommendations of physicians are as follows:

  • drink at least two liters of pure water per day to saturate the body's cells with moisture and remove toxins,
  • decoctions of licorice root, arnica, sage, linden, hop, ginseng, chamomile are plant sources of estrogen, so necessary during menopause,
  • eating pumpkin, tomato, eggplant, carrot, cabbage, and various legumes will also fill the diet with female hormones. By the way, in lentils there is serotonin, a source of good mood, very necessary for women with climacteric disruptions of emotions,
  • non-fat dairy products are very important in the diet of women,
  • Sea fatty fish and seafood regularly need to eat for women's health,
  • cereal products, cereals,
  • regular use of seeds, nuts, apricots, dried apricots, dates,
  • eat mushrooms
  • of the fruits, it is most preferable to replenish the body with estrogen to eat grenades,
  • I especially want to say about flaxseed: among other products it is distinguished by the greatest amount of hormones, to normalize the hormonal background you need to take only 2 large spoons of seeds
  • It is recommended to limit the diet of spicy, salty, alcohol and coffee, which irritate the body's mucous membranes.

Dear women, take care of your health, do not wave your hand at the symptoms of dryness and burning sensation in women's organs, visit a gynecologist in a timely manner. Be happy!

Cognitive video on this topic:

Why is there a problem?

Where dryness of the mucous membrane comes from, this issue is of concern to many patients, because with the appearance of this menopausal symptom, many of them have to give up sex life. Vaginal discomfort occurs against the background of reduced production of sex hormones during menostasis. In the child-bearing age, all the systems in a woman’s body work so that she can become a mother. Hormones are involved in all metabolic processes and provide not only the possibility of carrying, but also the possibility of easy conception.

To do this, in the genital tract produces a special lubricant, and their walls are covered with a dense mucous membrane. With the onset of menopause, global changes occur. The body no longer needs to think about conception, and therefore the lubricant ceases to be produced in the previous volumes, the mucous becomes thinner, and sexual intercourse no longer brings pleasure. At this time, the patient notices a significant decrease in libido, which negatively affects the sexual relationship with a partner.

In parallel with the thinning of the mucous membrane, the risk of the penetration of bacteria and infections into the body of the uterus through microcracks in the vagina increases. This can provoke various inflammatory diseases that require long and complex treatment. Today, there are several methods for eliminating discomfort in the vagina, but the usual lubricants in menostasis will not be as effective as possible, in this period it is necessary to select special drugs that will eliminate the deficit of hormones.

Important! At the first symptoms of menopause, consult a doctor! The specialist will examine and prescribe an effective remedy for alleviating the symptoms.

Ways to eliminate discomfort

Immediately it should be noted, ointments, soaps or suppositories from desquamation and itching during menopause are not hormonal to be chosen only after being examined by a gynecologist. Dry menopause often requires hormonal treatment, and therefore, before buying a drug, you must be screened for the presence of hormone-dependent tumors. However, treatment does not always require the use of medicinal drugs. Often, patients can significantly improve their condition simply by changing the menu and schedule of sexual life.

Experts say that moistening the intimate zone during menopause should be a daily ritual. Discomfort and burning in the genital tract in women and their treatment during menopause begins with purity. To do this, you must choose a moisturizing soap and other products for individual hygiene. There is no universal product that would fit everybody, the choice should be made on the basis of personal feelings. With sexual intimacy, intimate lubricant is essential for menopause. Lubricants make intercourse easier and eliminate the risk of microcracks in the genital tract.

Also on the condition of the mucous membranes can affect the diet and drinking schedule. It is desirable to include in food as much as possible vegetables, fruit, greens, nuts and seafood. Refuse during this period is recommended from sweet, smoked, salted and fried. In addition, pay attention to how much and what you drink. Give up strong tea and coffee, drink more pure water and do not overuse carbonated beverages. Have sex more often, long breaks in sexual life negatively affect the condition of the mucous membranes.

If these actions have not brought results, you can try to use homeopathic remedies for discomfort in the intimate area during menostasis or traditional medicine recipes. If they were also ineffective, the doctor will select a local or general hormonal therapy that will help to cope with discomfort and return the joy of sex life.

The best drugs for dryness in the intimate area

The pharmaceutical market offers women over 50 a large selection of products for personalized care. If you are at a loss with a choice, it is better to consult with a specialist who will select the most effective hygienic products. The most popular means of surveys of middle-aged women in our country are:

  • Menopause gels for women. Vagilak, Bliss, Divigel, Laktatsid, Ginofit. All of them have a powerful moisturizing result and can be used in menopause. Divigel incorporates synthetic hormones and can be used only after a complete examination by a gynecologist. The cost of moisturizing intimate hygiene products for women in menopause ranges from 150 to 700 rubles.
  • Lubricants for women at menopause. Montavit, Delight, Flutschi Origina. When using these lubricants, sex life will again bring pleasure and pleasant emotions. Lubricants promote easy gliding, eliminate peeling and itching in the vagina during menopause and prevent the appearance of microcracks. The price of lubricants ranges from 150 to 400 rubles.
  • Creams for desquamation of the genital organs during menopause. Vagizil, Feminel, Vagilak. These ointments perfectly moisturize the walls of the vagina, creating a protective film on them. The preparations contain substances that relieve irritation and increase the elasticity of the mucous walls of the vagina. With the help of which cream you can eliminate the dryness of the intimate zone in your case, consult with the gynecologist-endocrinologist, because every woman during this period requires individual treatment. Only a specialist will be able to choose a personal hygiene cream for menopause, which will be effective for you. The price of ointments ranges from 100 to 500 rubles.
  • Menostasis Candles. Estriol, Ovestin, Feminella hyalosoft. These candles permanently restore the natural lubrication of the genital tract, preventing damage to the walls of the mucous membranes, effectively eliminating dryness, burning and itching of the genital organs in women. The price of candles ranges from 900 to 2000 rubles.

Important! When menopause, any medications for dryness in the intimate area, ointment, suppositories or gels should be selected by the attending physician!

How to use moisturizers for the intimate area

It is very important for patients in menopause to carry out hygiene procedures in the morning and in the evening, and even better after each visit to the sanitary room. Remember that the main rules of applying creams and gels - is to apply them only after washing and only with clean hands. Each drug has its own instructions for use, following which it is possible to significantly improve the condition of the vaginal mucous membranes. Consider the procedure for applying moisturizer:

  1. Before applying the ointment you need to wash the crotch.
  2. After washing the crotch should be thoroughly rinsed with clean water and blot with a towel.
  3. Vaginal cream or gel with dry genital area should be entered only using a special tip.
  4. Spread the cream over the entire genital tract.

3. Aloe vera helps to defeat dryness in the intimate area.

The gel contained in the leaves of aloe vera, is an excellent moisturizer. It helps to fight dry vagina. and restores its natural pH balance.

Milk can help strengthen the effect of aloe vera - the lactic acid contained in it is necessary to restore the bacterial microflora of the intimate zone.

Ingredients

  • 2 tablespoons of aloe vera gel
  • 1 tablespoon liquid milk (10 ml.)

Preparation and use

  • Mix the aloe vera gel and milk well. Apply the mixture to the problem area.
  • For best results, repeat the procedure daily.

4. Valerian

Valerian decoction is well known for its soothing properties. This healing plant helps to cope with stress and other negative emotions.that affect the physical well-being of a person.

For this reason, valerian decoction can help you in the treatment of dryness of the intimate area.

Ingredients

  • 2 teaspoons of valerian (10 g)
  • 1 glass of water (250 ml.)

Cooking

  • Pour a glass of water into the pan, add valerian after a while. After 2 minutes, remove the pan from the heat.
  • Let the brew infuse. Take it before bedtime.

5. Calendula and Mallow

Anti-bacterial properties of calendula help to cope with infections.that provoke dryness in the intimate area.

Thanks to Mallow, this recipe will become a natural moisturizer that will quickly save you from the unpleasant symptoms of vaginal dryness.

Ingredients

  • 100 g of calendula
  • 100 g of mallow
  • 5 l. water

Cooking

  • Fill the herbs with 5 liters of water and let them stand for at least 12 hours.
  • Strain the resulting infusion and heat it to prepare a local bath.

6. Sesame oil

Sesame oil is a natural moisturizer. This lubricant is completely safe and great for the intimate area. It will help you to restore the natural moisture of the vagina.

Ingredients

  • 6 drops of sesame oil
  • 1 cotton pad

  • Moisten a cotton pad with sesame oil for subsequent application with light massage movements to the problem area.
  • It is recommended to repeat the procedure every day for one week.

7. Tea tree oil

In some cases, bacteria are the culprits of vaginal dryness.. They can also cause an unpleasant smell. In this case, tea tree oil may be the best solution.

This essential oil has antibacterial properties, so it will help you get rid of infections that have caused dryness in the intimate area.

Also, tea tree oil is a natural lubricant, so you can keep the intimate zone moist.

Of course, you should not abuse tea tree oil. You also need to remember that this means you need to apply only on external genitals.

Application

  • Apply 3 drops of tea tree oil to your underwear or wipe the outer part of the vagina with a cotton pad with 3 drops of this essential oil.

1. Chamomile decoction

Local chamomile decoction trays soothe the problem area and relieve the condition of vaginal dryness caused by decreased estrogen production during menopause.

The anti-inflammatory properties of chamomile help soothe irritation and relieve itching.

Ingredients

  • 2 handfuls of chamomile flowers and leaves
  • 1 liter of water

Cooking

  • Bring to a boil a liter of water. As soon as the water boils, add the leaves and flowers of chamomile to the pot.

Anti-bacterial properties of turmeric make it our faithful ally in the fight against dryness in the intimate area. Turmeric helps if the cause of the problem is a viral infection.

Regular use of turmeric will serve as an excellent prevention of vaginal dryness. Also, this spice can be used to treat this problem.

Ingredients

Preparation and use

  • Mix the ingredients until a smooth paste is formed.
  • Apply the product to the vaginal area for a couple of minutes, then wash it off with plenty of water.

How does the symptom manifest

Dryness of the vagina during menopause is impossible not to notice.It leads to permanent discomfort that distracts attention from work or other activities. Dryness arises from the fact that the walls of the vagina emit less special secretion, which is a natural lubricant that ensures the normal state of the organ.

Wrong is the opinion that with time everything will come back to normal.

On the contrary, if nothing is done, then such sensations will be added to the dryness:

  • persistent itching of the labia minora,
  • burning in the perineum, which is sometimes very strong.

These manifestations after water procedures either do not stop, or pass for a short time, and then return again. If you postpone the visit to the gynecologist, then the woman, in addition to the problems described, will have negative health effects.

  1. Insufficiently moist walls of the vagina may cause small cracks or sores. An infection on their surface will lead to the development of a disease that requires a long and often expensive treatment.
  2. Dry walls of the vagina are more likely to be infected with fungus.
  3. Dry mucous membranes increase the risk of erosions that need to be treated.

The lack of sexual activity due to pain caused by dryness of the vagina, only aggravates the hormonal imbalance that appeared with the advent of menopause. Well-being ladies significantly deteriorate. In no case can not ignore the dryness of the vaginal mucosa during menopause.

The causes of the symptom

The main reason for the appearance of dry mucous membranes during menopause is a deficiency of the female sex hormone estrogen. Basically, this hormone is synthesized in the ovaries. A small amount produces the adrenal cortex, as well as adipose tissue. During menopause, there is a natural cessation of ovarian function. Therefore, they gradually produce less and less hormones. At the postmenopausal stage, the ovaries will stop synthesizing hormones completely.

As you can see, over time, the main cause of dryness does not pass, but will only get worse. I would like to note that lowering the level of estrogen in a woman's body provokes dry mouth during menopause. Many ladies have this symptom. It is especially pronounced at night.

In addition to the main reason, there are a number of factors leading to this delicate problem:

  1. With age, the blood flow to the vagina decreases and this leads to the fact that the body is reduced in size, and its mucous becomes thinner.
  2. Normal mucus secretion stresses. Women are exposed to them all their lives, and during menopause stress, more than ever.
  3. Negatively affects the condition of all mucous membranes medication. As a rule, women in 45-55 years already have some kind of disease and take medication constantly or periodically.
  4. Smoking causes the blood supply of all organs and mucous membranes to deteriorate.
  5. Dryness of the vaginal mucosa provokes underwear made of synthetic fabrics. Of course, it is very beautiful. Nevertheless, ladies of mature age should be given preference not too tight fitting linen from natural fabrics.
  6. Sexual contact during menopause increases the feeling of dryness in the vagina. In this difficult period of their lives, which is marked by age-related changes and menopausal symptoms, women lose their sexual desire. Little mucus is secreted and after intercourse, the woman feels a strong itching in the vagina.
  7. During menopause, the risk of diabetes in women increases significantly. At first, this dangerous disease develops almost asymptomatically and the lady does not even suspect that she has diabetes. One of the symptoms of the disease is a burning sensation in the intimate area, which causes discomfort.

How to treat vaginal dryness during menopause

In order to carry out effective treatment of vaginal dryness during menopause or postmenopausal women should consult a gynecologist. Even if she plans to be treated with popular recipes, you should definitely consult a doctor beforehand.

Many women are ashamed of their problems, and therefore, do not go to the doctor. It is in vain. I would like to focus on the fact that this menopausal symptom is observed in all women without exception.

Only a gynecologist will be able to adequately assess the situation and correctly select a course of treatment. In addition, the development of dangerous diseases will be diagnosed in a timely manner. As is well known, the treatment started in the early stages leads to a faster result.

Drug treatment

Even the most "scary" menopause can be defeated at home! Just do not forget two or three times a day.

The most common treatment for vaginal dryness is the use of moisturizing vaginal gels — lubricants.

They have not only a moisturizing, but also a lubricating effect. Therefore, allow the lady to lead an active sex life.

Moisturizing Gels

What to do to sexual intercourse does not cause pain? To do this, use lubricants.

Consider which moisturizing gels, have a moisturizing and lubricating effect during menopause:

  1. Ginokomfort - moisturizing gel in the composition of which are: panthenol, bisabolol, extracts of mallow and chamomile.
    It eliminates the manifestations of dryness, has an anti-inflammatory effect, and also promotes rapid regeneration of damaged areas of the mucosa. Gel treatment will remove the burning, itching and discomfort, as well as eliminate cracks.
  2. Ginophyte gel is a moisturizing gel based on glycerol and hydroxyethylcellulose.
    Eliminates the feeling of dryness and burning in the vagina. Used before intercourse.
  3. Montavit gel - means in the composition, which is hydroxyethyl cellulose.
    Effectively replaces natural mucus and is used before sexual contact.

Hormonal gels

How to get rid of dryness when the vaginal mucosa is greatly weakened? In this case, hormonal gels will help get rid of the symptom. They are very effective, because they incorporate the hormone estrogen, namely, its deficiency provoked the problem.

We can distinguish such hormonal agents:

  1. Dermeritril - contains the hormone estriol.
    Treatment with this tool will allow the lady to quickly bring in the tone of the vagina and its mucous membrane. The gel relieves discomfort and stimulates hydration.
  2. Divigel - means includes in the composition of the homo monomile estriol.
    The gel effectively restores the mucous membrane, promotes its hydration and removes all manifestations of discomfort.
  3. Ovestin - a unique composition of the hormonal agent allows it to comprehensively affect the weakened mucous membrane.
    The preparation contains estriol, chlorhexidine and lactic acid. The use of the gel leads to disinfection of the mucous membrane and its rapid regeneration. Such manifestations as itching, burning and discomfort are effectively eliminated.

Treatment with hormonal gels involves the daily introduction of funds into the vagina at bedtime. A standard course of treatment lasts a month. After that, reduce the dosage - use gel 2 times a week.

If the treatment with moisturizing gels did not work, then the doctor will prescribe a lady for dry cream in the intimate area. Since creams are hormonal drugs, they should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor.

Some ladies call these creams ointments - this is not true, but the pharmacy will understand what the visitor needs. What drugs from this group are the most effective?

We offer a list of popular creams:

  1. Feminel contains milk proteins and Shea butter in the cream. It removes well the existing irritation of the vagina.
  2. Vagizil - cream not only moisturizes the mucous membranes, but also creates a protective film that prevents irritation.
  3. Vagilak is a moisturizing cream that improves the elasticity of the mucous membranes.

Vaginal candles

How to get rid of dryness and simultaneously restore the structure of the mucous membranes? Need to use vaginal suppositories for dryness.

Popular candles such as menopause:

  1. Estriol - hormonal suppositories that not only remove the symptom, but restore the vaginal microflora.
  2. Ovestin - hormonal suppositories that treat microcracks and eliminate dryness of the vaginal mucosa.
  3. Klimaktol-Antikan - non-hormonal suppositories that eliminate the discomfort associated with itching and burning, relieve inflammation, and also restore the structure of the vaginal mucosa.

As you can see, you can get rid of dryness in the vagina with the help of various drugs. Only a doctor can choose the best medicine in each specific case.

Dry vagina is one of the symptoms of menopause that every woman faces. Some ladies tolerate it, while others begin treatment. It is right to be in the place of the second category of women.

Modern medicine can offer women with a dry intimate zone different treatment options. You should entrust your health in the hands of specialists, and not self-medicate. We wish you good health!

Dear ladies, share your experience in treating vaginal dryness.

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Causes of a feeling of dryness in the vagina

In medical practice, this pathology is called atrophic vaginitis (colpitis). However, this term is valid only in relation to some variants of the onset of pathology. The processes of thinning the vaginal mucosa, size changes, loss of elasticity of the flat multi-layer epithelium are not always associated with hormonal disruptions of the female body. Infections of the urinary tract, the abundance of perfumed intimate cosmetics, long-term antibiotics sometimes become the causes of the disease.

A number of gynecologists prefer the term "vaginal atrophic dermatitis", which more accurately indicates the manifestations of the disease. Typical symptoms are:

  • burning in the perineum,
  • feeling of tightness of the inner walls of the vagina,
  • itching of the labia, vaginal opening,
  • discomfort during intercourse, which is accompanied by pain,
  • bleeding of the mucous due to the appearance of wounds, ulcers on the epithelium of the intimate area.

A number of specific signs are added to the above symptoms, if a woman has classic signs of colpitis caused by hormonal disorders of the body:

  • Reluctance sexual intercourse with a partner. Low estrogen lowers libido. In addition, pain, dryness, bleeding during sex adversely affect the intimate life of a woman.
  • Infectious diseases. Reduction of natural lubrication leads to thin epithelium of the internal, external genital organs, deterioration of the beneficial microflora of the mucosa, dryness of the mucosa. Therefore, the pathogenic environment becomes the source of the inflammatory process in the intimate zone.
  • Problems with urination: frequent urge, burning.
  • General deterioration of health, headaches, lethargy, weakness.

To normalize the functions of the glands, balance hormonal dysfunction, remove dryness, determine the correct treatment, it is necessary to find out the causes, which can be divided into three groups:

  1. Serious diseases / diseases of the body. Establish an accurate diagnosis, to appoint a competent treatment will only help a doctor. It is observed at:
    1. the appearance of tumors
    2. vaginosis caused by a bacterial infection
    3. endometriosis, uterine myoma,
    4. inflammation of the mucous membranes of the whole body due to the disruption of the activity of the glands (Sjogren syndrome)
  2. Changes in the hormonal background of a woman. In most cases, the pathology occurs at the time of menopause or during pregnancy.
  3. Common causes. Appears when:
    1. inappropriate intimate hygiene,
    2. unreasonable use of douching,
    3. taking antibiotics or diuretic drugs, drugs that lower blood pressure,
    4. allergic reactions to compound detergents, soaps, gels,
    5. deterioration of blood circulation of the pelvic organs,
    6. irregular sexual activity or lack thereof.

The use of perfumed shower gels popular today is a danger to the woman's body: odorants, an overabundance of chemical constituents cause disturbances in the activity of the mucous glands. They cease to function normally, their secretion decreases: as a result, an unpleasant feeling appears. Do not forget about the possible allergic reactions to the components of intimate cosmetics.

The acidic environment, which stimulates the production of beneficial lactic acid bacteria by the female genitals, is destroyed by exposure to gels that are unbalanced in terms of acidity. The optimal rate should be 4-4.5 pH. To get rid of the problems, you should abandon the newfangled deodorized toilet facilities in favor of ordinary soap, toilet paper without impurities and additives.

Tight underwear, squeezing blood vessels and impaired blood circulation in the pelvic organs, synthetics, sometimes of poor quality, from which the panties are made, are harmful to the health status of the woman. The disease makes itself felt by irritation, tingling, itching of the perineum. Replace fashionable, beautiful underwear made of polyamide with no less beautiful and elegant cotton - and you forget about the problem.

Another threat is lack of hygiene in the intimate area. Pathogenic microflora displaces beneficial lactobacilli: many women face candida caused by the fungus Candida. The appearance of an unpleasant odor, itching and burning, thinning of the epithelium of the mucous membrane indicate malfunctions of the body. Even with heavy discharge, signs of atrophic vaginitis and discomfort appear.

Why dryness appears in the intimate area during menopause

By the age of 40-45, hormonal changes occur in the female body. Ovarian function weakens and gradually fades away completely, which leads to a gradual decrease and cessation of the production of female hormones. The lack of estrogen in the body, namely the so-called female hormones, leads to the appearance of dryness in the vagina and discomfort.

Since blood does not flow in the required amount, the genitals are reduced. The tissues begin to receive less nutrition, and this leads to a decrease in the activity of the mucous membrane, it becomes more subtle.

Stressful situation for women in such cases plays a very important role. It is stress that affects the work of many organs and systems, and if it coincides with the period of menopause, then this is another reason why the vagina remains dry.

After 40, many women have to maintain their health with all sorts of drugs. They help in maintaining health, but at the same time can also be a cause of vaginal dryness.

Of great importance are personal care products. Gels, all kinds of liquid soaps, containing various chemical dyes and flavors, are not universally tolerated equally and often cause an unforeseen reaction of the body.

Synthetic fiber underwear can cause discomfort in the intimate area. And is it worth using it if such consequences are possible?

A woman in menopause is more indifferent to sex. The desire for intimacy decreases sharply or disappears altogether. With this attitude, no lubrication is emitted, painful sensations appear during intimacy, and the mucosa can even be damaged.

Symptoms that are important to pay attention to

There are symptoms that just need to pay attention. Every woman carries them in her own way.

These are the symptoms:

  • menstrual disorders. Critical days start earlier than expected or are delayed compared to the previous month. Discharges gradually decrease in their quantity, and then completely cease,
  • increased irritability. From this state there is no rest for the woman herself, or for the people around her,
  • discomfort intemperature control: it is cold then hot. First, sweat drenches the eyes, and after a moment everything passes, as if there was nothing. May be accompanied by nausea, tachycardia, increased pressure, headache and excessive sweating,
  • appears sudden lack of air - it becomes necessary to urgently open the windows, windows, doors, turn on the fan to breathe. And then this symptom disappears abruptly,
  • too sensitive and short sleep,
  • performance drops, and fatigue appears much faster, and getting harder to get rid of it.

But right away it is worth noting that not all symptoms are mandatory and not all women are found.

When to go to the doctor

More than 50% of women whose age has reached 55 years old feel an unpleasant and irritating feeling of dryness in the intimate zone. During menopause, when the walls of the vagina narrow, there is no natural lubrication, an alkaline environment forms, itching and unpleasant friction occur - all these gynecologists call atrophic vaginitis.

After 7-10 years after the onset of menopause, estrogen in the female body remains only at a rate of 20%. And this leads to the fact that in addition to reducing the size of the vagina, bleeding is also added to dryness. Such phenomena are already similar to the signs of atrophic colpitis. With this disease, the vaginal walls become less elastic and thinner, and the bladder also suffers.

Also read why there are swelling and sore joints in menopause.

First of all, the state of the patient's hormonal level is analyzed, smears are taken (to exclude cancer) and the condition of the blood is analyzed.

After examining in detail all the necessary information, the gynecologist will prescribe the necessary treatment and may prescribe tablets, cream or suppositories for dryness, prescribe hormone replacement therapy, if necessary, and also give useful tips on nutrition and hygiene products.

Until complete recovery, the patient is under the close supervision of a physician. Only a trusting relationship between the gynecologist and the woman who came to him at the reception, accompanied by a speedy recovery.

Can this symptom be a sign of other diseases?

Due to the fact that everyone has a different rhythm, style and lifestyle, the physiological features of the female body also change in their own way, and, therefore, the onset of menopause may be different. For every woman, menopause begins at a certain age and passes in different ways.

But at the same time there are single symptoms that can accurately describe it:

  • violation of the menstrual cycle,
  • irritability,
  • insomnia,
  • bad mood,
  • tides
  • fatigue and sleepiness
  • apathy.

Also, there are such symptoms as a feeling of dryness, itching, friction, possible bleeding. This all can be attributed to climax. During this period, the acid-base balance is disturbed and changes occur in the tissue of the vagina.

But there are also other diseases for which similar symptoms occur:

  • infectious and fungal diseases,
  • inflammation of the urinary tract, such as cystitis,
  • diabetes of the first and second type
  • atrophic vaginitis,
  • atrophic colpitis,
  • allergic reactions, both to various medicines, and to perfumes, paints, personal care products,
  • chemotherapy,
  • neurosis, depression,
  • diseases of the kidneys, liver, thyroid gland.

Treatment of dry menopause

In order to learn the full picture, it is necessary to exclude infectious and oncological problems.

To this end, you must pass:

  • blood test,
  • hormone level analysis
  • brush strokes
  • additional tests at the discretion of the doctor.

After studying the information, the doctor, having determined the diagnosis, will be able to start treatment, relying on the basic methods of treating dryness in the intimate area.

These include:

  • drug therapy
  • the use of candles
  • use of ointments, gels and creams,
  • hormone therapy
  • folk remedies.

Today in medicine for the treatment of dry menopause, candles are widely used. They are different - hormonal and non-hormonal, but they have one goal - to help the female body recover. Candles begin to act from the moment of introduction, and their action still continues after complete dissolution.

Popular candles:

  • Estrocard - designed to relieve itching and discomfort. The composition includes estriol,
  • Ovipol Clio - regulate acid-base balance, destroy fungi and infections. It is based on the hormone estriol,
  • Ovestin - antibacterial candles. Help the mucous to recover, relieve itching and irritation,
  • Ortho-ginest - contribute to the improvement of oxygen metabolism and DNA synthesis,
  • Estriol - remove the symptoms of dryness and burning. Do not give the opportunity to multiply pathogens,
  • Klimantol-Antikan - contain sea buckthorn oil, hops, lemon balm, valerian. Contribute to the restoration of microflora,
  • Methyluracil candles - have anti-inflammatory effect.

All of these drugs are easy and convenient to use. They begin to operate for 30 minutes. Apply them only after advice from a doctor.

To get rid of dryness in the intimate area, you can use various creams. They are used daily, introducing into the vagina. At the same time use a special applicator. This treatment course is designed for 4 weeks. Creams relieve discomfort, enhance the work of the vaginal mucosa.

When using these drugs, microflora is normalized, there is an increase in vaginal muscle tone.

For menopause, creams are used:

  • Orto-Ginest - destroys infections, restores the elasticity of the vaginal tissue,
  • Estriol - normalizes alkaline balance, improves the condition of the vagina,
  • Evalgin - relieves itching and contributes to an increase in the amount of lubricant secreted by the body.

Lubricants

Lubricants are designed to moisturize the intimate zone during dryness. Such gels are used in cases where there is a lack of natural lubrication.

Hormonal gels are used to cure dry menopause:

Before the start of sex, you can use Montavit or Ginokomfort.

Medication

To completely cure dryness in the intimate zone, hormone preparations are used:

  • Divina,
  • Klymen,
  • Hormones that are constantly used
  • Klimonorm.

In addition, homeopathy preparations are used:

They are also widely used in treatment and give good results.

Outdoor facilities

  1. Vitamin E. This vitamin restores mucous membrane and stimulates secretion. The vagina can be lubricated dissolved in vegetable oil with a pharmacy vitamin. Oil is boiled, then cooled. In the oil (1 tsp.) Add 10 drops of a pharmacy vitamin, impregnate with sterile gauze and put on the vaginal mucosa. The procedure is carried out daily until the symptoms pass.
  2. Butter. Well helps with the dryness of the intimate zone of vegetable oil. It is shown to use coconut, sea buckthorn, olive oil or calendula oil to lubricate the vaginal walls. Procedures should be carried out daily until dryness does not pass.

Helps cope with menopause healing baths.

  1. Motherwort. At 1 liter of boiling water take 3 tbsp. l dried grass motherwort, insist half an hour, then filtered and poured into a bath. The procedure lasts no more than 15 minutes. Bath should be taken every other day. A total of 10 procedures are shown.
  2. Celandine. At 1 liter of boiling water take 2 tbsp. l dried herbs insist 2 hours. Infusion is mixed with warm water and used for sedentary trays. The procedure is carried out daily and lasts 5 minutes. The treatment lasts a week.

Douching

This procedure nourishes and cleans the vagina, normalizes acidity, promotes healing of the damaged mucosa. Procedures carried out every other day. A total of 7 procedures are shown. You can not increase the number of procedures, because it can lead to dysbiosis and even greater vaginal dryness.

400 ml of boiling water take 2 tbsp. l Calendula colors, insist 15 minutes, then filtered. Warm decoction is used for douching.

Diet affects the health of the whole body. From what we eat, depends on the normal functioning of all organ systems. And it is especially important to eat right in times of crisis or when the body fails.
Diet plays an important role in menopause. During this condition, the level of the sex hormone estrogen in women is dramatically reduced. This leads to the manifestation of various symptoms of menopause, including the secretion of insufficient amounts of vaginal lubrication.

Some plants contain special substances, the so-called phytoestrogens. These substances are not hormones, but their structure is similar to the structure of estrogen, and they are able to bind to receptors in the body of women, providing a similar, only weaker, effect.

Treatment during menopause should include a diet and the inclusion in the diet of plant foods containing phytoestrogens. These substances are found in legumes, various nuts, carrots, different varieties of cabbage, parsley, dates, cherries, apples and pomegranate. Regular use of these products will reduce the appearance of menopause, in particular, dry vagina.

Of the fats, it is best to eat vegetable oil, which contains both phytoestrogens and unsaturated fatty acids necessary for the body. Also, the diet of women should be rich in fruits and vegetables, berries and cereals from different cereals. These foods are rich in vitamins and minerals.

In order to maintain health, it is important for a woman during menopause to switch to a healthy diet. It is necessary to give up alcohol, reduce consumption or refuse coffee, canned products, spicy, fatty, salty foods, pickles. It is important to reduce the consumption of sugar and sweets.

To normalize the metabolism of a woman it is important to drink a lot. Normally, you need to drink up to 2 liters of plain water per day, excluding tea, coffee, soup and fruit.

Personal Care Rules

To violation of the development of vaginal secretions leads and non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.

  1. It is necessary to wash the external genitals twice a day, as well as before and after intercourse.
  2. It is best to use hypoallergenic hygiene cleansers with low acidity, which do not irritate the mucous membrane.
  3. Underwear must be changed daily. It is better to use cotton underwear, because it does not irritate the mucous membrane.
  4. It is necessary to refuse the flavored toilet paper as it irritates mucous membranes and may cause allergies.
  5. For washing underwear and bed linen is better to use simple non-flavored means.
  6. It is also advisable not to use flavored condoms.
  7. If menstruation begins, it is better to give preference to sanitary pads, rather than tampons.

The health of the reproductive system also depends on the lifestyle of women during menopause. Treatment of menopausal diseases and pathological conditions will be less effective if a woman does not keep herself in good shape, does not lead an active lifestyle and adheres to bad habits.

Important for women's health and regular sex. If a woman produces an insufficient amount of lubricant, they often do not get pleasure during sexual intercourse and refuse to have regular sex. However, in this case, during sexual intercourse, you can use moisturizers that will reduce discomfort and will prevent damage to the mucous membrane. It is important for these purposes to choose hypoallergenic agents with a low pH value.

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Many representatives of the beautiful half of humanity throughout their lives face the problem of increased vaginal dryness. Regardless of the degree of manifestation, it causes discomfort and can be a cause of pain during sex. It should be noted that the amount of lubricant that is responsible for moisturizing the vaginal mucosa can vary. It is always always transparent and does not have any specific smell. Apart from periods of sexual arousal, many women do not notice the presence of lubricant in the vagina. When it is not, some ladies feel dry.

General information

Vaginal dryness is a condition of the mucous membrane in which it loses its usual elasticity, normal smoothness, as well as the ability to release natural lubrication. The walls of the female vagina are known to consist of three layers. The uppermost of them is the mucous membrane. She, in turn, consists of stratified squamous epithelium, forming a large number of folds. Through the latter there is the possibility of changing its usual size, for example, during childbirth. In addition, the vaginal walls have in their structure special glands that are responsible for the secretion of clear mucus. It is characterized by a not very pronounced smell and a weakly acid reaction. For the vagina is also characterized by a special microflora (the content of beneficial microorganisms). According to experts, the normal functioning of this body is determined by several factors simultaneously. The state of hormonal background, the absence of any inflammatory processes, infectious diseases, the regularity of sexual life - these are just some of them.

Main reasons

Vaginal dryness is a rather unpleasant problem. According to experts, it can occur completely at any age and due to a host of reasons. Let's call the main ones:

  • Changes at the hormonal level (including those caused by childbirth or the onset of menopause). During the latter, the production of the hormone estrogen is noticeably reduced, which inevitably leads to vaginal dryness. As a rule, this period occurs in women aged 45 to 60 years.
  • Frequent stressful situations. In those days, when the body is under increased stress in the form of experiences, excessive anxiety, the body begins to produce less lubricant. All this directly leads to dryness in the intimate areas, the eye area or the mouth.
  • The use of drugs. Contraceptive pills, antihistamines, antidepressants, diuretics can negatively affect the level of secretion in the vagina. In addition, renal dialysis or the use of chemotherapy also affect the level of hydration.
  • Hypersensitivity to personal care products or toiletries. When choosing them, preference should be given to hypoallergenic variants without dyes and aromatic substances. Very often, the increased dryness of the vagina is provoked by those components that are part of laundry detergents or toilet paper (flavored version).
  • Bad habits. Smoking, as is known, not only slows down blood circulation, but also entails changes at the hormonal level. The decrease in blood flow to the vagina inevitably leads to atrophic changes. It is important to note that in women who smoke, menopause occurs faster, and hormone replacement therapy in this case does not have the desired effect.
  • Sex. Lack of arousal, stimulation, or desire during intimacy directly affects the level of vaginal moisture. Very often, this situation ends in discomfort and pain.
  • Some types of infections and venereal diseases.

This article lists only the most basic reasons. Dryness in the vagina may appear due to other factors. In order to finally identify them, the help of a qualified specialist will be required.

Timely diagnosis

When this problem occurs, it is very important to immediately contact a gynecologist for help. Only a qualified specialist can determine the true cause of such unpleasant symptoms, and then recommend competent therapy. Diagnosis in this case implies a complete gynecological examination, exclusion of urinary tract infections, as well as a Pap smear. This analysis is necessary to detect the presence of precancerous and cancerous cells.

How to deal with insufficient moisture of the vaginal mucosa?

This problem, as a rule, is not detected during a preventive gynecological examination, but is a complaint on the part of the patient. If a woman does not experience any discomfort in this area, she is unlikely to be diagnosed with vaginal dryness.

Very often, during the examination, the doctor simply recommends to exclude provoking factors that could lead to the development of this problem, to normalize sexual relations. Unfortunately, these measures are not always enough to eliminate vaginal dryness. What to do in this case?

Hormonal therapy

How else can you defeat vaginal dryness? Treatment with the use of hormonal drugs has recently enjoyed immense popularity and is highly effective. This is due to the fact that the problem of dryness is mainly associated with disorders at the hormonal level, or rather, with a lack of estrogen in the blood. Thus, after confirming this fact, the gynecologist may prescribe a local therapy with estrogen. Below are a few of its options.

  • Vaginal ring. It is inserted directly into the vagina. During its action, a constant flow of estrogen to the vaginal tissues is produced. It is necessary to change this ring every three months.
  • Vaginal tablet. Dryness and itching in the vagina can be overcome with the help of this tool. The tablet is applied topically. The first two weeks, you must use the drug every day, and after - only twice a week.
  • Vaginal cream. It is inserted into the vagina with a special applicator, and then independently spreads along its inner walls, thereby exerting a therapeutic effect.

It is important to note that it is unacceptable to use hormone therapy at its discretion in order to solve such a problem as vaginal dryness. Treatment should be carried out exclusively on the advice of a doctor and only under its constant supervision in order to avoid the occurrence of side effects.

Help traditional medicine

The recipes of our grandmothers for the treatment of problems in the intimate area offer their solution in this matter.

For example, to eliminate the increased dryness of the mucous, you can use the herbs of the uterine boron and mother. You need to take one tablespoon of each of them, mix, pour two glasses of water and bring to a boil. The resulting decoction is recommended to insist for one hour, and after drinking all day in small portions. This tool should be used no more than once a week. Very soon it will be possible to forget about such a problem as vaginal dryness.

Folk remedies are also used in menopause.For example, in the case of insufficient moisture of the mucous can take bath with motherwort. Pre-brew three tablespoons of the dry mixture in boiling water (two glasses are enough). The resulting decoction should be infused. Then it can be added to warm water in the bath. The whole procedure should take no more than 12 minutes.

Vitamin E (oil solution) can be used externally. This drug is sold in any pharmacy. Immediately before sexual intercourse it is necessary to lubricate the vagina abundantly with this tool. On other days, it is recommended to additionally use a lubricant from coconut or olive oil. In addition, it would not be superfluous to apply these funds directly to the man's penis.

Unfortunately, all of the above methods do not always solve such a problem as vaginal dryness. Folk remedies are powerless in the case when a woman does not know the root cause of these changes. In addition, it is not recommended to use the recipes of our grandmothers without prior consultation with a specialist.

Insufficient moisture of the mucous during menopause

When menopause occurs, the production of the hormone estrogen in the body of each woman gradually decreases, which in turn entails certain symptoms and consequences. The vagina changes its shape and size, it becomes shorter, as a result of which the blood flow decreases. All these factors affect the elasticity and humidity of this area. The mucous membrane also becomes thinner. The production of special vaginal mucus stops. Dryness and itching in the vagina is a clear sign of a decrease in the level of the hormone estrogen in the body.

During menopause, every woman should be aware that this process does not mean the end of life. Experts recommend that in such a period in any case not to stop intimacy. As for such troubles as vaginal dryness during menopause, modern medicine today offers various options for reducing the symptoms of this problem. Do not turn a blind eye to her, it is important to promptly seek help from a gynecologist.

Problems after childbirth

During pregnancy, the vagina is constantly under pressure from the uterus and the developing baby. However, the main burden on this area still falls on the time of the birth itself. The walls of the vagina become very thin, the former sensitivity is lost.

It is important to note that increased vaginal dryness after childbirth is far from uncommon. It is expressed in discomfort and painful sensations during intimacy. This problem is considered a consequence of low estrogen levels. It is easy to solve it only if a woman turns to a gynecologist for help in time. As a rule, the doctor prescribes special candles for vaginal dryness, and also recommends the use of artificial lubricants that are sold in virtually every pharmacy.

Sex life

Insufficient moisture of the mucous membrane in the intimate zone is a satellite of many abnormal conditions for the body. It is important to note that the discomfort is especially acute during sexual contact. A characteristic feature of the female body is the ability to constantly produce an increased amount of mucus directly at the time of sexual arousal. This lubricant is required for easy and easy penetration. Its deficiency or delayed production, as a rule, is observed not only among women of mature age, but also among young girls. Vaginal dryness during sex is often caused by disorders in the endocrine system, as well as by the characteristics of the sexual act itself. Pain and discomfort during intimacy, as a rule, are explained by a quick prelude. In this case, the woman remains insufficiently relaxed, and the sexual act itself does not bring proper satisfaction. It is noteworthy that the painful reflex can be fixed for a long time, and this inevitably entails an involuntary contraction of the muscles of the vagina during the following sexual acts. The solution to this problem should begin with high-quality foreplay. According to experienced sexologists, foreplay should not last less than 20 minutes.

It is important to note that regular and at the same time full intimate intimacy is the key to the health of the sexual system of every woman. Moreover, the lady's state of health improves, her vitality rises, the most balanced concentration of hormones in the blood is observed, which is a kind of warning of the appearance of insufficient moisture of the mucous membranes.

Preventive measures and helpful recommendations

Such a problem as dryness of the vaginal mucosa is easier to prevent than to constantly deal with it later. According to experts, preventive measures in this case include three components simultaneously.

In the first place, this is the observance of the standards of hygiene known to all from early childhood. All women are advised to take a shower every day without the use of products rich in dyes or other chemical components. It is also important to use special sanitary napkins in the presence of abundant vaginal discharge. They should be changed every four hours. During menstruation, doctors recommend using pads, rather than tampons. Underwear must be changed daily, and when choosing a preference, it is better to give natural fabrics.

Secondly, to prevent dryness in the vagina and burning can be subject to a healthy lifestyle. Particular attention is recommended to pay the daily diet. It is important to completely eliminate the use of pickled and spicy dishes, as well as alcoholic beverages. It should be enriched with vitamins and minerals. In this case, the emphasis can be placed on raw vegetables and fruits, berries, cereals and whole grains. You should not deny yourself the use of polyunsaturated fats, which are abundant in nuts, sea fish, seeds and vegetable oils. Doctors advise to actively use those products that contain phytoestrogens. These are special substances similar in their effect to female sex hormones. Phytoestrogens are found in beans, soybeans, lentils, parsley, apples, etc.

Full sexual activity is another preventive measure. Regular intimacy helps normalize hormonal levels. Daily sex not only prevents excessive dryness of the mucous in this area, but is also considered a kind of prevention of many unpleasant diseases, from which representatives of the beautiful half of humanity primarily suffer.

Conclusion

Every woman should clearly understand that this problem in itself will never pass until its main cause is revealed. According to experts, a decrease in the level of estrogen adversely affects not only the intimate health of the lady. During menopause, the risk of cardiovascular disease increases significantly due to a decrease in vascular elasticity. Timely consultation with a qualified specialist and subsequent competent therapy significantly reduce the likelihood of the above-mentioned illnesses.

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